Running Head: EMR IMPLEMENTATION IN AFRICA 1 Topic: Adoption of Electronic Medical Records in Africa Current Barriers and Future Benefits Health informatics Course Name Institution Date Abstract Background: Electronic medical records (EMR) refers to a computer system composed of the clinical data repository, controlled medical language, clinical decision support, entry of the various order and pharmacy module. This electronic computer system has been the subject of debate in the entire globe with some studies being conducted to research on the different barriers and impacts on the introduction of the system in different health sectors. Developing countries and more specifically African countries have made technological advancements over the years, but even so, the implementation of EMRs has not been a success as compared to developed countries. Internet service providers (ISPs), broadcasting stations, and increases in some internet users have had a little penetration in the health sectors with many still opting to use the traditional methods of keeping records in a manual system. This research thesis paper will concentrate on the data collection and the various management challenges faced by health institution in the developing countries and the introduction of EMRs to try and solve the various
EMR IMPLEMENTATION IN AFRICA 2 problems. Also, the project will concentrate on barriers and future benefits of the introduction of EMR systems. Methods: Detailed searches were conducted on Google Scholar and PubMed databases. The medical databases which contained some of the information presented in this paper. Identified publications were reviewed and information that related to the topic recorded. Results: The research on the various databases yielded more than 150 publications relating to the topic with more than 21 papers from African countries and particularly sub-Saharan countries. Most of the resources were based on HIV care and treatment and also TB. The various barriers to adoption of EMRs system in the health sector include; the high cost of the infrastructure required, the procurement cost are too high, and most health workers are not familiar with the electronic systems. Conclusion: There have been some studies though limited on EMR trials in developing African countries assessing the challenges of adoption of this system in the health sectors and the benefits accrued. This study will mention EMR projects briefly in Kenya and Ghana. Even though there have been challenges in the adoption of EMRs, many African countries have adopted it nevertheless, and the system is mostly being used in HIV programs. However more needs to be done regarding introducing the system in African countries. Abbreviation of terms ICT- Information and communication technology EMR- electronic medical records EHR – Electronic health records HIV –Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1.0. Introduction 1.1. General introduction In the African countries, the ICT is a novelty. Most hospitals in these developing countries still use the manual system when recording the various data. According to a scholar by the name Crosby,
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 23 pages?
- Winter '10
- Business, electronic medical record, Electronic health record