Unformatted text preview: Word List 1 abase -adroit
abase V. / /lower; humiliate. Defeated, Queen Zenobia
was forced to abase herself before the conquering Romans, who
made her march in chains before the emperor in the procession
celebrating his triumph. abasement, N. abash V. /
He was not at all abashed by her open admiration.
abate V. /
/subside; decrease, lessen. Rather than
leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.
abbreviate V. /
/shorten. Because we were running out
of time, the lecturer had to abbreviate her speech. abdicate V. /
/renounce; give up. When Edward VIII abdicated the British
throne to marry the woman he loved, he surprised the entire
abduction N. / /kidnapping. The movie Ransom describes the
attempts to rescue a multimillionaire's son after the child's
abduction by kidnappers. abduct,V.
aberrant N. /
/abnormal or deviant. Given the aberrant
nature of the data, we doubted the validity of the
entire experiment. also N.
abet V. /
/aid, usually in doing something wrong;
encourage. She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he had
abeyance N. /
/suspended action. The deal was held in
abeyance until her arrival.
abhor V. / /detest; hate. She abhorred all forms of bigotry.
abject ADJ. /
/wretched; lacking pride. On the streets
of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in
doorways to find shelter from the wind.
abjure V. /
/renounce upon oath. He abjured his allegiance
to the king. abjuration, N.
ablution N. / /washing. His daily ablutions were accompanied
by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in the Bath."
abnegation N. /
/repudiation; self-sacrifice. No act
of abnegation was more pronounced than his refusal
of any rewards for his discovery.
abolish V. / /cancel; put an end to. The president of the
college refused to abolish the physical education requirement.
abominable ADJ. /
unpleasant; very bad. Mary liked John until she learned he
was dating Susan; then she called him an abominable young
man, with abominable taste in women.
aboriginal ADJ., N. /
/being the first of its kind in a
region; primitive; native. Her studies of the primitive art forms of
the aboriginalIndians were widely reported in the scientific
journals. aborigines, N.
abortive ADJ. /
/unsuccessful; fruitless. Attacked by
armed troops, the Chinese students had to abandon
their abortive attempt to democratize Beijing peacefully. abort,V.
abrade V. /
/wear away by friction; scrape; erode. The
sharp rocks abraded the skin on her legs, so she put iodine on
abrasive ADJ. /
/rubbing away; tending to
grind down. Jus t as abrasive cleaning powders can
wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a
listener's patience. abrade,V.
abridge V. /
/condense or shorten. Because the
publishers felt the public wanted a shorter version of War
andPeace, they proceeded to abridge the novel.
abrogate ADJ. / /abolish. He intended to abrogate the decree
issued by his predecessor.
abscond V. /
/depart secretly and hide. The
teller who absconded with the bonds went uncaptured until
someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's
absolute ADJ. /
/complete; totally unlimited; certain.
Although the King of Siam was an absolute
monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without
absolute evidence of her infidelity.
-2- absolve V. / /pardon (an offense). The father confessor
absolved him of his sins. absolution, N.
absorb V. /
/assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up;
wholly engage. During the nineteenth century, America absorbed
hordes of immigrants, turning them into productive citizens. Can
Huggies diapers absorb more liquid than Pampers can? This
question does not absorb me; instead, it bores me. absorption, N. abstain V. / /refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily
from an action or practice. After considering the
effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to
abstain from drinking while he trained for the race. abstinence, N.
abstemious ADJ. /
/sparing in eating and
drinking; temperate. Concerned whether her vegetarian
son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the
worried mother pressed food on him.
abstinence N. /
/restraint from eating or drinking. The
doctor recommended total abstinence from salted foods.
abstract ADJ. /
/theoretical; not concrete;
nonrepresentational. To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he
never missed a meal.
abstruse ADJ. /
/obscure; profound; difficult to
understand. She carries around abstruse works of philosophy,
not because she understands them but because she wants her
friends to think she does.
abundant ADJ. /
/plentiful; possessing riches or
resources. At his immigration interview, Ivan listed his
abundant reasons for coming to America: the hope of religious
freedom, the prospect of employment, the promise of a more
abusive ADJ. /
physically harmful. An abusive parent damages a child both
mentally and physically.
abut V. / /border upon; adjoin. Where our estates abut, we
must build a fence.
abysmal ADJ. /
/bottomless. His arrogance is exceeded only
by his abysmal ignorance.
abyss N. /
/enormous chasm; vast
bottomless pit. Darth Vader seized the evil emperor and hurled
him down into the abyss.
academic ADJ. /
/related to a school; not practical or directly
useful. The dean's talk about reforming the college
admissions system was only an academic discussion: we knew
little, if anything, would change.
accede V. / /agree. If I accede to this demand for blackmail, I
am afraid that I will be the victim of future demands.
accelerate V. / /move faster. In our science class, we learn
how falling bodies accelerate.
accentuate V. /
/emphasize; stress. If you accentuate
the positive and eliminate the negative, you may wind up with an
overoptimistic view of the world.
accessible ADJ. /
/easy to approach; obtainable. We
asked our guide whether the ruins were accessible on
accessory N. / /additional object; useful but not essential
thing. She bought an attractive handbag as an
accessory for her dress. also ADJ.
acclaim V. /
/applaud; announce with great approval.
The NBC sportscasters acclaimed every American victory in the
Olympics and decried every American defeat. also N.
acclimate V. / /adjust to climate. One of the difficulties of our
present air age is the need of travelers to acclimate
themselves to their new and often strange environments.
acclivity N. /
/sharp upslope of a hill. The car would not
go up the acclivity in high gear.
accolade N. /
/award of merit. In Hollywood, an "Oscar"
is the highest accolade.
accommodate V. /
/oblige or help someone;
adjust or bring into harmony; adapt. Mitch always did everything
possible to accommodate his elderly relatives, from driving them
to medical appointments to helping them with paperwork.
accomplice N. /
/partner in crime. Because he had
provided the criminal with the lethal weapon, he was
-3- arrested as an accomplice in the murder.
accord N. / /agreement. She was in complete accord with the
accost V. /
/approach and speak first to a person. When
the two young men accosted me, I was frightened because I
thought they were going to attack me.
accoutre V. / /equip. The fisherman was accoutered with the
best that the sporting goods store could supply.
accretion N. / /growth; increase. The accretion of wealth
marked the family's rise in power. accrue V. / /come about by addition. You must pay the
interest that has accrued on your debt as well as the principal
sum. accrual, N.
acerbity N. /
/bitterness of speech and temper.
The meeting of the United Nations General
Assembly was marked with such acerbity that informed sources
held out little hope of reaching any useful settlement of the
problem. acerbic, ADJ.
acetic ADJ. / /vinegary. The salad had an exceedingly acetic
acidulous ADJ. /
/slightly sour; sharp, caustic.
James was unpopular because of his sarcastic and
acknowledge V. /
/recognize; admit. Although I
acknowledge that the Beatles' tunes sound pretty dated today, I
still prefer them to the "gangsta rap" songs my brothers play.
acme N. / /top; pinnacle. His success in this role marked the
acme of his career as an actor.
acoustics N. /
/science of sound; quality that makes a room
easy or hard to hear in. Carnegie Hall is liked by music lovers
because of its fine acoustics.
acquiesce V. / /assent; agree without protesting. Although
she appeared to acquiesce to her employer's
suggestions, I could tell she had reservations about the changes
he wanted made. acquiescence, N.; acquiescent, ADJ. acquire V. /
/obtain; get. Frederick Douglass was determined to acquire an
education despite his master's efforts to prevent his doing so.
acquittal N. /
/deliverance from a charge. His acquittal by
the jury surprised those who had thought him guilty.
acrid ADJ. /
/sharp; bitterly pungent. The acrid odor of
burnt gunpowder filled the room after the pistol had been fired.
acrimonious ADJ. /
words or manner. The candidate attacked his opponent in highly
acrimonious terms. acrimony, N.
acrophobia N. /
/fear of heights. A born salesman, he could
convince someone with a bad case of acrophobia
to sign up for a life membership in a sky-diving club.
actuarial ADJ. /
/calculating; pertaining to insurance
statistics. According to recent actuarial tables, life expectancy is
greater today than it was a century ago.
actuate V. /
/motivate. I fail to understand what actuated
you to reply to this letter so nastily.
acuity N. / /sharpness. In time his youthful acuity of vision
failed him, and he needed glasses.
acumen N. /
/mental keenness. His business acumen
helped him to succeed where others had failed. acute ADJ. /
/quickly perceptive; keen; brief and severe. The acute
young doctor realized immediately that the gradual deterioration
of her patient's once acute hearing was due to a chronic illness,
adage N. /
/wise saying; proverb. There is much truth in
the old adage about fools and their money. adamant ADJ. /
/hard; inflexible. Bronson played the part of a revengedriven man, adamant in his determination to punish the criminals
who destroyed his family. adamancy, N.
adapt V. / /alter; modify. Some species of animals have
become extinct because they could not adapt to a
-4- changing environment. addendum N. / /an addition or supplement. As an
addendum to the minutes, let me point out that Susan moved to
appoint Kathy and Arthur to the finance committee.
addiction N. /
/compulsive, habitual need. His addiction to
drugs caused his friends much grief.
addle V. /
/muddle; drive crazy; become rotten. This
idiotic plan is confusing enough to addle
anyone. addled, ADJ.
address V. /
/direct a speech to; deal with
or discuss. Due to address the convention in July, Brown planned
to address the issue of low-income housing in his speech.
adept ADJ. /
/expert at. She was adept at the fine art of
irritating people. also N.
adhere V. / /stick fast. I will adhere to this opinion until proof
that I am wrong is presented. adhesion, N. adherent N. /
/supporter; follower. In the wake of the scandal, the senator's
one-time adherents quickly deserted him. adjacent ADJ. / /adjoining; neighboring; close by.
Philip's best friend Jason lived only four houses down the block,
close but not immediately adjacent.
adjunct N. /
/something added on or attached
(generally nonessential or inferior). Although I don't
absolutely need a second computer, I plan to buy a laptop to
serve as an adjunct to my desktop model. admonish V. /
/warn; reprove. He admonished his listeners to change their
wicked ways. admonition, N. admonition N. /
the student protesters repeatedly rejected Chairman Deng's
admonitions, the government issued an ultimatum: either the
students would end the demonstration at once or the soldiers
on the crowd.
adorn V. / /decorate. Wall paintings and carved statues
adorned the temple. adornment, N.
adroit ADJ. /
/skillful. His adroit handling of the delicate
situation pleased his employers. Word List 2 adulation-amend
adulation N. / /flattery; admiration. The rock star thrived
on the adulation of his groupies and yes men. adulate,V.
adulterate V. / /make impure by adding inferior or tainted
substances. It is a crime to adulterate foods without
informing the buyer; when consumers learned that Beech-Nut
had adulterated their apple juice by mixing it with water, they
advent N. /
/arrival. Most Americans were unaware of
the advent of the Nuclear Age until the news of
Hiroshima reached them.
adventitious ADJ. / /accidental; casual. He found this
adventitious meeting with his friend extremely fortunate.
adversary N. / /opponent. The young wrestler struggled to
defeat his adversary.
adverse ADJ. /
/unfavorable; hostile. The recession had a
highly adverse effect on Father's investment portfolio: he lost so
much money that he could no longer afford the butler and the
upstairs maid. adversity, N. adversity N. /
misfortune. We must learn to meet adversity gracefully.
advocacy N. /
/support; active pleading on something's
behalf. No threats could dissuade Bishop Desmond
Tutu from his advocacy of the human rights of black South
advocate V. / /urge; plead for. The abolitionists advocated
freedom for the slaves. also N.
aerie N. /
/nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk). The
mother eagle swooped down on the unwitting rabbit and bore it
off to her aerie high in the Rocky Mountains.
aesthetic ADJ. /
/artistic; dealing with or capable of
appreciation of the beautiful. The beauty of Tiffany's stained
glass appealed to Esther's aesthetic sense. aesthete, N.
-5- affable ADJ. / /easily approachable; warmly friendly.
Accustomed to cold, aloof supervisors, Nicholas was amazed at
how affable his new employer was.
affected ADJ. /
/artificial; pretended; assumed in order
to impress. His affected mannerisms-his "Harvard"
accent, his air of boredom, his use of obscure foreign
wordsbugged us: he acted as if he thought he was too good for
his old high school friends. affectation, N.
affidavit N. /
/written statement made under oath. The court
refused to accept his statement unless he
presented it in the form of an affidavit.
affiliation N. /
/joining; associating with. His affiliation
with the political party was of short duration for he soon disagreed
with his colleagues.
affinity N. /
/kinship. She felt an affinity with all who
suffered; their pains were her pains.
affirmation N. /
/positive assertion; confirmation;
solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath. Despite
Tom's affirmations of innocence, Aunt Polly still suspected he had
eaten the pie.
affix V. /
/fasten; attach; add on. First the registrar had to
affix her signature to the license; then she had to
affix her official seal.
affliction N. / /state of distress; cause of suffering. Even in the
midst of her affliction, Elizabeth tried to keep up the spirits of
those around her.
affluence N. /
/abundance; wealth. Foreigners are
amazed by the affluence and luxury of the American way of life. affront N. / /insult; offense; intentional act of
disrespect. When Mrs. Proudie was not seated beside the
Archdeacon at the head table, she took it as a personal affront
and refused to speak to her hosts for a week. alsoV.
aftermath N. /
/consequences; outcome; upshot.
People around the world wondered what the aftermath of
China's violent suppression of the student protests would be.
agenda N. / /items of business at a meeting. We had so much
difficulty agreeing upon an agenda that there was very little time
for the meeting.
agent N. /
/means or instrument; personal
representative; person acting in an official capacity. "I will be
the agent of America's destruction," proclaimed the beady-eyed
villain, whose agent had gotten him the role. With his face, he
could never have played the part of the hero, a heroic F.B.I.
agglomeration N. /
/collection; heap. It took weeks to
assort the agglomeration of miscellaneous items she
had collected on her trip.
aggrandize V. /
/increase or intensify. The history of the
past quarter century illustrates how a President may aggrandize
his power to act aggressively in international affairs without
considering the wishes of Congress. aggregate V. /
gather; accumulate. Before the Wall Street scandals, dealers in
so-called junk bonds managed to aggregate great wealth in short
periods of time. aggregation, N.
aggressor N. /
/attacker. Before you punish both boys for
fighting, see whether you can determine which one
was the aggressor.
aghast ADJ. /
/horrified. He was aghast at the nerve of the
speaker who had insulted his host.
agility N. / /nimbleness. The agility of the acrobat amazed and
thrilled the audience.
agitate V. /
/stir up; disturb. Her fiery remarks agitated
the already angry mob.
agnostic N. /
/one who is skeptical of the existence or
knowability of a god or any ultimate reality. Agnostics
say we can neither prove nor disprove the existence of god; we
simply just can't know. also ADJ.
agrarian ADJ. /
/pertaining to land or its cultivation.
The country is gradually losing its agrarian occupation and
turning more and more to an industrial point of view.
alacrity N. /
/cheerful promptness. Phil and Dave were
raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up
-6their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.
alchemy N. /
/medieval chemistry. The changing of baser
metals into gold was the goal of the students of
alchemy. alchemist, N.
alcove N. /
/nook; small, recessed section of a room.
Though their apartment lacked a full-scale dining room, an alcove
adjacent to the living room made an adequate breakfast nook for
the young couple.
alias N. / /an assumed name. John Smith's alias was Bob
Jones. also ADJ.
alienate V. /
/make hostile; separate. Her attempts to
alienate the two friends failed because they had complete faith in
alimentary ADJ. /
/supplying nourishment. The alimentary
canal in our bodies is so named because digestion of
foods occurs there. When asked for the name of the digestive
tract, Sherlock Holmes replied, "Alimentary, my dear
alimony N. /
/payment by a husband to
his divorced wife (or vice versa). Mrs. Jones was awarded $200
monthly alimony by the court when she was divorced from her
allay V. /
/calm; pacify. The crew tried
to allay the fears of the passengers by announcing that the
fire had been controlled.
allege V. / /state without proof. Although it is alleged that she
has worked for the enemy, she denies the
allegation and, legally, we can take no action against her without
proof. allegation, N.
allegiance N. / /loyalty. Not even a term in prison could shake
Lech Walesa's allegiance to Solidarity, the Polish trade union he
had helped to found.
allegory N. / /story in which characters are used as symbols;
fable. Pilgrim's Progress is an allegory of the
temptations and victories of man's soul. allegorical, ADJ. alleviate V. / /relieve. This should alleviate the
pain; if it does not, we shall have to use stronger drugs.
alliteration N. / /repetition of beginning sound in poetry. "The
furrow followed free" is an example of alliteration. allocate V. /
/assign. Even though the Red Cross had allocated a large
sum for the relief of the sufferers of
the disaster, many people perished.
alloy N. / /a mixture as of metals. A loys of gold are used more
frequently than the pure metal.
alloy V. /
/mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate. Our
delight at the Yankees' victory was alloyedby our concern for
Dwight Gooden, who injured his pitching arm in the game.
allude V. / /refer indirectly. Try not to mention divorce in Jack's
presence because he will think you are alluding to
his marital problems with Jill.
allure V. /
/entice; attract. A lured by the song of the
sirens, the helmsman ste...
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