Erikson’s eight stages - ERIKSONS EIGHT STAGES Eriksons...

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ERIKSONS EIGHT STAGES Eriksons theory of psychological development Erik Eriskson University of Vienna 1
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ERIKSONS EIGHT STAGES Abstract Erikson’s eight stages to the theory of psychological development are described and then applied to my life. Each stage contains a specific time period in our lives. They involve a crisis that can be resolved in sufficient manner which will either create a positive or negative impact in our lives. There are significant events in each stage that shapes the way we handle future events and scenarios based on the resolve of each crisis dealt within the stages of life. Progression is made through each encounter, as well as establishment of traits that will attribute to self-worth. 2
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ERIKSONS EIGHT STAGES 1. Basic Trust Versus Basic Needs This is for Infants up to 18 months of age, learning to trust others is the overriding crisis. Developing trust means distinguishing what kind of people can be depended on. This includes whether or not they can be trusted in the first place. Parents are a huge source for this lesson. They can either establish a sense of trust through loving care and nourishment or expect the worst in relationships if there is an absence of love and commitment. Enfant life From the time that I can remember, I have felt the love and nourishment of my mother which allowed me to form trust with her, and therefore with other relationships. I learned first to depend on family members, because they were around the most and they helped me when help was needed. Through guidance, I understood that they were protecting me of certain dangers and when there was trouble, they came to my aid. For instance, I was allowed to have only a few pieces of candy at certain times, especially as a reward. There was a time when I snuck several more and ended up having a tummy ache. I was scolded and reminded of why it was not ok to have so much candy. Not long after, I was comforted and helped to relieve the pain. This established trust and comfort with my family. I have yet to resolve some inner issues that involve trust, due to my relationship with my dad. He wasn’t around at this time and growing up there was lack of loving relationship between me and my father. This may be part of the issues I face with self-doubt. I have progressed by openly talking more to him, and getting him involved with big events in my life. Even the small ones count, so I include those as well when possible. 3
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ERIKSONS EIGHT STAGES 2. Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt This crisis is characterized from 18 to 3 years in childhood. Independency starts to blossom from children. Doing tasks such as learning to feed themselves and using the toilet boosts feelings of self-worth and self-confidence. Creating a negative atmosphere where flexibility in learning is restricted on the other hand, creates the opposite effect on children. Feelings of self- doubt will emerge from constantly being punished or limited.
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