BellasChinaMobil

BellasChinaMobil - China Labor Mobility The impact of...

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China Labor Mobility The impact of reforms on China’s developing labor market
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Definitions Level of urbanization is measured by the share of urban population in the total population. Change in urban population = natural growth rate (birth rate minus death rate) + Migration
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Outline Hukou Rural vs. Urban Agricultural Vs. Non-Agricultural Geographical Migration
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Hukou In 1958 there were 20 million people moving to the cities during the Great Leap Forward. In the same year the govt. issues the “’Regulations of Houshold Registration in the People’s Republic of China’” – 1958. Establishes controls over the movement of people. Each family possessed a registration booklet listing all their family members Hukou – Registered people as either “’agricultural’” or “’non- agricultural.’” The hukou also identified people by their location and they were only supposed to work or live in the place where they had their hukou Also, the Hukou status hierarchy varied from Big cities, to medium cities all the way down to villages. Harder to move up the hierarchy because govt. wanted to prevent urbanization, particularly the big cities like Beijing and Shanghai.
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Hukou Reform In 1985, the Ministry of Public Security issued a new regulation on
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BellasChinaMobil - China Labor Mobility The impact of...

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