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1Civil Liability and Private PoliceAmanda JensenSEC/35112/12/2016Julie Martinez
2Civil Liability and Private PolicePrivate police (security officers) do not have the same authority as a public police officer.Because of this, there is a greater chance of civil liability as a security officer has little morerights than a citizen.A security officer must be aware of the difference between civil andcriminal law; therefore, a security officer must also understand what a tort is by the definition oflaw.Security professionals must be aware of how private security can be affected by liabilityand civil liability.By obtaining an understanding of civil and criminal laws as well as liabilities,civil and legal, measures can be put in place to mitigate organizational and institutional liability.The difference between civil and criminal law:There are two main classifications of law – civil laws and criminal laws.Civil lawsgovern disputes between two different parties.Criminal laws govern crimes and wrongscommitted against the government, state or community peace and safety.In a civil case, two parties appear in front of the judge seeking a ruling.There is theplaintiff, who is the one with claims that the other party, the defendant, has failed to carry out alegal duty or has done some personal wrong to the plaintiff (FindLaw, 2016).At this time theplaintiff could request for the court to ensure that the legal duty owed is carried out or that thedefendant is ordered to compensate for the perpetrated offense.Civil cases are presented infederal as well as state courts.In a general civil case, it would be presented in a state court.Acivil case that would be presented in a federal court could be if the plaintiff brought forth a civilissue with a defendant, claiming a violation of federal laws or constitutional rights (FindLaw,2016).In a criminal case, a person is accused of and charged with, a criminal offense.Crimesare seen at local, state and federal appellate courts.The two main parties that participate in the
3courtroom drama that is criminal cases besides the judge, are the prosecution and the defense(FindLaw, 2016).The prosecution is the party that presents the case against the party who hasallegedly committed a crime, the defendant.The defense is the party that presents a case for thedefendant.Prosecutions job is to build a case against the defendant to prove guilt or negligence,beyond the shadow of a doubt, to the judge and jury.The defense’s job is to prove innocence orjust cause, beyond a shadow of a doubt, to the judge and jury.In criminal cases, the defendant