Foreign Policy of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto - Assignment Topic:...

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AssignmentTopic:Foreign Policy of Zulifqar Ali BhuttoSeven Asian countriesSubmitted to: Ma’am Sumeera Jabeen
Foreign Policy of Zulfiqar Ali BhuttoAs Foreign Minister, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto significantly transformed Pakistan's hitherto pro-Westernforeign policy. While maintaining a prominent role for Pakistan within the Southeast Asia TreatyOrganization and the Central Treaty Organization, Bhutto began asserting a foreign policy coursefor Pakistan that was independent from US influence. Z.A.Bhutto criticized the US for providingmilitary aid to India during and after the Sino-Indian War of 1962, which was seen as anabrogation of Pakistan's alliance with the U.S. Bhutto worked to establish stronger relations withthe People's Republic of China. Bhutto visited Beijing and helped Ayub negotiate trade andmilitary agreements with the Chinese regime, which agreed to help Pakistan in a large numberof military and industrial projects.Bhutto also signed the Sino-Pakistan Boundary Agreement on March 2, 1963 that transferred750 square kilometers of territory from Pakistan-administered Kashmir to Chinese control.Bhutto asserted his belief in non-alignment, making Pakistan an influential member in non-aligned organizations. Believing in pan-Islamic unity, Bhutto developed closer relations withnations such as Indonesia, Saudi Arabia and other Arab states. Bhutto joined Ayub in Tashkentto negotiate a peace treaty with the Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri. Ayub and Shastriagreed to exchange prisoners of war and withdraw respective forces to pre-war boundaries.Bhutto criticized the agreement saying that there was noting about Kashmir issue in theagreement, which was the main cause of the war. He resigned in June, 1966 and expressedstrong opposition to Ayub's regime. After fall of Dakka on December 20, 1971, he was taken tothe President House in Rawalpindi where he took over two positions from Yahya Khan, one asPresident and the other as Chief Martial Law Administrator. Thus he was the first civilian Chief

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Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Mr Bhutto

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