AP Psychology Study Guide : States of Consciousness

AP Psychology Study Guide : States of Consciousness - AP...

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AP Psychology Study Guide : States of Consciousness Destiny Epps 3rd Period 1a. Consciousness - our awareness of ourselves and our environment. 1b. Consciousness restricts our attention ,consciousness allows us to create mental model of the world that we can manipulate. 1c. Alertness of being awake, describe any mental process that goes on in which the individual is anware . 1d. Is the area that lies between conscious awareness and the unconscious (superego) ; it has its own process and deeply affects conscious thought (dreams). 2. The biological clocking irregular bodily rhythms that occur on a zyhrcycle. 3. Stage 1 : Transition between wakefulness and sleep; characterized by rapid, low voltage brain waves. Stage 2 : Sleep stage characterized by: sleep spindles , k-complexes, body relax, heart slows, temperature decreases . Stage 3 : Delta waves appear. heart rate,breathing, blood pressure and temperature, continue to lower, very difficult to wake. Stage 4: Delta waves,very difficult to wake, no eye movement and muscles are relaxed. REM sleep : Heart rate,blood pressure and temperature at their lowest. produce growth hormone to repair body. 3b. Because the brain is awake but the body is asleep. 3c.According to e volutionary/preservation theory of sleep , it suggests that periods of activity and inactivity evolved as a means of conserving energy and according to the repair and restoration theory of sleep , sleeping is essential for revitalizing and restoring the physiological processes that keep the body and mind healthy and properly functioning.
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