ap psychology key terms

ap psychology key terms - KEY TERMS 1 Learning A relatively...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

KEY TERMS 1. Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience. 2. Acquisition The initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. In operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response. 3. Extinction The diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus does not follow a conditioned stimulus; occurs in operant conditioning when a response is no longer reinforced. 4. Spontaneous recovery The reappearance, after a hiatus, of an extinguished conditioned response. 5. Generalization The tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit a similar response. 6. Discrimination- it refers to an ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus (CS) and other, similar stimuli that don't signal an unconditioned stimulus (US). 7. Classical conditioning A type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus. 8. Unconditioned stimulus A stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers a response (food in Pavlov's experiment). 9. Unconditioned response The unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (natural salivation at the sight of food in Pavlov's experiment) 10. Conditioned response The learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus (salivation at the sound of the tone in Pavlov's experiment). 11. Conditioned stimulus An originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response (the tone in Pavlov's experiment).
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern