section 4 - Interest Group-Any organization that has a...

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Interest Group -Any organization that has a hierarchy organization, whose members share a common interest, and attempts to influence public policy. Types of interest groups -public- policies that affect the entire public (i.e. ACLU, Green Peace, Sierra Club) -private- NRA(guns), NAACP (colored people), MALDEF (Chicano), NOW, AARP (American association of Retired Persons) -economic- car dealerships etc. Lobbying -the activities of interest groups that seek to influence public policy. - Techniques - contributions, testifying, grass root movement, protesting, endorsements/ratings, gifts/trips/meals. (PACs) Political Action Committees -a federally registered committee that represents an interest group in the political process through campaign donations (purpose is to raise money) Weaknesses of Campaign Laws - soft money - $2300 is the legal maximum amount you can donate each election. Any money that circumvents legal restriction on campaign donation. -bundling- getting $2300 checks from a lot of people, putting it together and given in a bundle - advocacy ads- ??? Federal matching funds- -donations to presidential campaigns from the federal government determined by the amount of private funds received. 527 Groups - -tax-exempt groups created to raise money for political activities. Issue network -term used to describe the informal and temporary set of relationships that exists among interest groups that have a common goal. Grassroots Lobbying -a form of pressure group activity to involve those people at the bottom level of the political system. Asking public to take action: giving money voting.
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