final 4 history- karna - Karna Desai History Final Mrs...

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Karna Desai History Final Mrs. Fansco World Studies Industrial Revolution (Chapter 7 and 9) Define/ Identify 1) Turnpike - private road built by entrepreneurs who charged a toll, or fee 2) Enterprise - a business organization in such areas as shipping, mining, railroads, or factories 3) Tenement - multistory building divided into crowded apartments 4) James Watt - made improvements to Newcomen’s invention in 1764, made the first successful stream engine 5) Proletariat - working class 6) Robert Owen - a utopian that sets up a model community in New Lanark, Scotland, to put his own ideas into practice 7) Anesthetic - drug that prevents pain during surgery 8) Urbanization - movement of people from rural areas to cites 9) Entrepreneurs - person who assumes financial risk in the hopes of making a profit 10) Jeremy Bentham - by 1800 British philosopher and economist was advocating utilitarianism 11) Cotton gin - a hand cranked machine that separated cotton from its seeds using wires 12) Luddites - a social movement of British textile artisans in the nineteenth century who protested often by destroying mechanized looms 13) Abraham Darby - discover a new way to smelt iron form its ore and made iron stronger 14) Thomas Malthus - thought that the poor familes should have less children to perseve the food supply 15) David Ricado - made “Iron Laws of Wages” he pointed out that wage increases would only cover the cost of necessities 16) Utiliarainism - the idea that the goal of society should be the greatest happiness for the greatest number” of its citizens
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Karna Desai History Final Mrs. Fansco World Studies 17) Temperance movement - a campagin to limit or ban the use of alcholic berverages 18) Urban renewal - the process of fixing up the poor areas of the city 19) Alfred Nobel - the Swedish chemist invents dynamite widely used in construction 20) Claude Monet - a great impressionist 21) Louis Pasteur - showed the link between mricobes and disease 22) Beethoven - combined classical forms with a stirring range of sound 23) Guglielmo Marconi - Italain pioneer had invented the radio 24) Women’s suffrage - Women’s right to vote 25) Stock - Shares in a company 26) Standard of living - Measures the quality and avialabllity of necessities and comforts in a socity 27) Michael Faraday - Created the first simple eletric motor 28) Assembly line - Production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks 29) Normal Schools - Schools for teachers that thaught the latest “norms and strandards” 30) John Dalton - English Quaker schoolteacher that developed the modern atomic theory 31) Social Darwinism - Applying the idea of survival of the fittest to war and economic competition 32) Romanticism - Artistic style emphsaizing imagination, freedom, and emotion 33) Realism - Represent the world as it wass without the sentiment associated with romanticism 34) Putting-out system - In which raw cotton was distrtibuted to peasant familes who spun it into thread and then wove the thread into cloth in their own homes 35) Utopain communties - Perfect societies
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Karna Desai History Final Mrs. Fansco
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