Phys 181b Problem Set 6 Solution

Phys 181b Problem Set 6 Solution - 12. We use Eq. 28-12 to...

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12. We use Eq. 28-12 to solve for V : () ( ) 6 28 3 19 23A 0.65 T 7.4 10 V. 8.47 10 m 150 m 1.6 10 C iB V nle µ == = × ××
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37. (a) The magnetic force must push horizontally on the rod to overcome the force of friction, but it can be oriented so that it also pulls up on the rod and thereby reduces both the normal force and the force of friction. The forces acting on the rod are: G F , the force of the magnetic field; mg , the magnitude of the (downward) force of gravity; N F G , the normal force exerted by the stationary rails upward on the rod; and G f , the (horizontal) force of friction. For definiteness, we assume the rod is on the verge of moving eastward, which means that G f points westward (and is equal to its maximum possible value µ s F N ). Thus, G F has an eastward component F x and an upward component F y , which can be related to the components of the magnetic field once we assume a direction for the current in the rod. Thus, again for definiteness, we assume the current flows northward. Then, by the right-hand rule, a downward component ( B d ) of G B will produce the eastward F x , and a westward component ( B w ) will produce the upward F y . Specifically, F iLB F iLB xd yw == and . Considering forces along a vertical axis, we find Ny w Fm g g iLB =− so that ff m g i L B ss w , . max b g It is on the verge of motion, so we set the horizontal acceleration to zero: Ff i L B m g i L B s w −= ¡ 0 b g . The angle of the field components is adjustable, and we can minimize with respect to it. Defining the angle by B w = B sin θ and B d cos (which means is being measured from a vertical axis) and writing the above expression in these terms, we obtain iLB mg iLB B mg iL s s s cos sin cos sin θµ θµ θ ¡ = + b g b g which we differentiate (with respect to ) and set the result equal to zero. This provides a determination of the angle: = ° −− tan tan . .
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Phys 181b Problem Set 6 Solution - 12. We use Eq. 28-12 to...

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