Religion test 3: Confucianism/ Judaism 1.)How does the "concrete" nature of traditional Chinese religion play out with respect to personal and religious identity, the role of gods, spirits, and ancestors, divination practices such as feng shui, and the role of priests?a.Religious identity-membership regarding religious activitiesi.Constructed on the basis of syncretism (3 teachings: Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism)b.Personal identity- made up of all the relationships you are involved inc.Role of the gods and spirits-“they only matter if they matter”i.Every village in China has an earth god and its job is to take care of earthly matters (foods, diseases, jobs)ii.Don’t care if you think they are real or notd.Role of ancestors-ancestors still exist and have certain obligationsto the family that never end (keeping family safe)i.Must demonstrate respect to ancestors (keeping their grave swept and in order)e.Feng shui- meaning wind and water// healthy happy lifestylei.Arranging things in a way that chi can flow through the roomii.Became favored by American pop culturef.Role of priestsi.Use feng shui to figure out where to burry parents ii.“middle man”iii.suppose to figure out what the spirits want
2.)Why do most "Western" scholars fail to count the Chinese population as Buddhist, or Confucian, or Daoist? What would happen to our understanding of "the great religions of the world" if we did?
3.)When, where, and with whom do Confucian teachings emerge? What basic tenets are associated with this tradition? To what do terms such as Junzi, Way of Heaven, Ren, Hsiao, Li, The Analects, refer?