Personality: -midterm 60 questions, final 80 questions -paper: intro pick a voluntary action such as drinking alcohol (be specific, what type, can change the outcome), how much do you drink? Over what period of time? Frequency? What is the location of this behaviour? -paragraph 2 and 3: essentially do the exact same, develop your own theory based on personality why people might do this behaviour? Pick your trait and think of what might lead to this behaviour, your behaviour is your end result (for example being gregarious, they are outgoing and social, therefore they have more friends, social people like to go to a pub, when at the pub they see a lot of people as well as their peers drinking which may influence them to start drinking due to peer pressure, if vulnerable to peer pressure they may drink) -think of the theory as a pathway -think of theory as 2 different ways to explain the behaviour -use the “if, then when” statement -paragraph 4: have a statement “for the purposes of this paragraph the trait of being gregarious results in all instances of drinking” can use instances, research or experiments; all of these components are necessary for this to happen, all parts are needed, it’s not just the trait that causes the behaviour; if the only way to that behaviour is this way than the other theory cannot be true; next two arguments are research driven, what should we find in our research? Support for our theory, if we were to survey people who drink of their susceptibility to drink you would find they support it, therefore the other theory cannot be supported; last set of arguments are the real world arguments (consequences), over time liver damage,develop dependency, interfere with social life, must be logical; next steps, what could you do to intervene? Can show them other places to socialize, or show them how to be less vulnerable, if you knock out a step, you are not going to arrive at the behaviour -paper should be written with no outside sources, opinion based -do these articles make you think of things in your own life, or the real world, tell why, starts Sept 19th Lecture 1: Introduction Personality: the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her interactions with, and adaptations to, the environment (including the intrapsychic, physical and social environment) A psychological trait help describe how people differ from one another as well as similar, you can have low or high levels of the trait Personality traits have some stability over time; how you are as a child should somewhat predict how you are as a teen; although there will be some situations where the traits vary, traits are an average tendency The mechanisms are the process of personality: we have our inputs, decision making, and the outputs (same events but people will act differently based upon their traits) Personality is said to come from within, but can be influenced by their environment and extrinsic factors
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