Midterm1

Midterm1 - paradigm = model for predictive purposes;...

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paradigm = model for predictive purposes; (Paradigm shifts influence science all the time); like theory, but stronger heuristic = explanatory; not formal, but for explanatory purposes syllogism = logical form of branched reasoning; premises ----> conclusion; (syllogistic tree) inherited difference = mutant; all genetic difference used to be studied by mutants, now we study DNA directly phenotype = appearance; observable properties/traits; from visible traits to differences at the level of cell organelles or molecules genotype = genetic constitution *appearance == genotype + environment Dominant = shows trait under all conditions Recessive = needs both copies to express trait homozygous = both alleles same heterozygous = alleles different genome = total alleles diploid = two copies of every gene true breeding = crossing with “oneself” to get the same Test cross = cross against homozygous recessive synapsis = homologues pair up into a tetrad Independent assortment = alleles at one gene separate independently from the ones of
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Midterm1 - paradigm = model for predictive purposes;...

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