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Slavery and Politics Part Three

Slavery and Politics Part Three - Slavery and Politics...

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Slavery and Politics, 1846-1860 Part Three The character of James Buchanan Best trained presidents in our history Senator and representative, minister to Russia/Britain, Secretary of State With election north gave in to southern slave states From Pennsylvania still sympathetic to slave owners In 1857 high tide of pro slavery south political power controlled supreme court, majority in congress, president that was sympathetic Presidential rigidity Follower of Jackson Strong party loyalties Never respected anyone but himself and those that agreed with him Worst president in American history Wanted to restore harmony to Union Dred Scott Case (1857) / Lemmon vs. The People ***** Complex Test case Dred Scott = slave of army man Taken from Missouri to Illinois Returned to Missouri with owner After his owner died he sued in Missouri court saying that since he lived in free state that he was free Transferred from state to federal jurisdiction and went to Supreme Court SC might have dismissed the case saying that Scott was not a citizen of the US or of Missouri or that Scott’s residency in free state was only temporary and once he went to back to slave state then he was a slave again but SC knew that Buchanan wanted federal jurisdiction to decide how to deal with slavery in the territories Justices believed that their decision would stop discussion on this issue and that is what the country wanted southerners especially wanted this because 7 of 9 justices were Democrats 8 of 9 justices wrote their opinions on the case Justice Tahny wrote about the case: o No black man could be a US citizen or state citizen “Negro had no rights that the white man was forced to respect” o Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in the territories Missouri Compromise line was unconstitutional o People think that his decision and comments were part of the civil war This silenced the north that the south was into a peculiar situation and that they needed to watch their backs against the south and they warned that the south needed just one more SC decision saying that a state cannot exclude slavery Lincoln thought that there was a conspiracy with the Democrats to make slavery once again a national institution Lemmon vs. The People
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o Involved right of slave owner to cross into a free state in transit o Had court had chance to render decision it would have been what Lincoln feared and slavery would have spread in transit had no definite time set so he could stay there as long as he wanted as long as he claimed to be in transit South was happy with victory but it showed to be an empty victory Lecompton Convention and Constitution / Buchanan’s Response ***** Leaders in Kansas looking to make it a slave state Kansas was a free state but it legislature was pro slavery
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