Chapter 4 - American Political Culture

Chapter 4 - American Political Culture - American Political...

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1 American Political Culture
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2 Americans: A Contradictory People? Americans are more ethnically and religiously diverse than the citizens of other democracies. Most multicultural democracies are short-lived. Long-lasting examples had authoritarian governments: suppression of cultural divisions. U.S. is diverse, yet has consistency/uniformity in political beliefs.
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3 Religious & Cultural Divisions: The Example of Iraq QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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4 A Nation of Immigrants Then New federal government maintained states’ policy of unrestricted immigration. Land plentiful and labor scarce Mid-century English, Irish, and German immigrants as high as 400,000 a year Irish immigration became a political issue (Catholicism) Know-Nothing Party (anti-Catholic) won 43 seats in House (roughly 20% of seats) in 1854
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7 A Nation of Immigrants Then Anti-immigration sentiment grew 1917 — national literacy test but many immigrants knew how to read 1920s laws restricted numbers of those who could immigrate Asians excluded altogether Preference given to northern and western Europeans By 1930 the era of the open door was over Part of this fostered by Red Scare, Anti-Catholic and Anti-Jewish sentiments
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8 A Nation of Immigrants Now Immigration Act of 1965 Ended the national-quota system which previously favored northern Europeans Immigration from Latin American and West Indies increased Growth in variety of Asian immigrant groups
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9
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10 Immigration as a Contemporary Issue Proposition 187 (1994) denied state services (CA) to illegal immigrants and their children intense controversy Ultimately struck down by federal courts, then abandoned by Gov. Davis Welfare reform (1996) — denied legal immigrants access to food stamps President Bush reversed this in his 2003 budget. Recent attempts to reform immigration have stalled.
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11 Immigration as a Contemporary Issue Four reasons why immigration differs now from that in the past: 1. immigrants are not entering an unskilled labor-hungry economy 2. there are mismatches between the costs and
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Chapter 4 - American Political Culture - American Political...

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