Chapter 3 - Sanho Kim HST 202 Prof Mollno Chapter...

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Sanho Kim HST 202 Prof. Mollno 4/2/07 Chapter 3, “Evaluating Primary Sources: ‘Saving’ the Indians in the Late Nineteenth Century” in John Hollitz, Thinking Through the Past: A Critical Thinking Approach to U.S. History 1. What did white reformers hope to achieve with the breakup of the reservations and with schools for Indian children? What problems were these reforms designed to solve? Were their goals and remedies appropriate? By breaking up the reservations, white reformers hoped to solve the “Indian problem”, which were: Native Americans dependence on government largesse, still- corrupt federal Indian service, and Indians resistance against the new way of life. Knowing that the “Indian problems” were the main obstacles, Merrill E. Gates, one of the most prominent Indian reformers, knew that reservations “must go if we would save the Indian from himself.” (56) The government knew that by giving the Indians lands and the chance to start a new life they would give in the stubbornness and adapt to the culture.
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