ArchaeologyofAncientEgypt - Ranil Prasad Archaeology of...

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Ranil Prasad Archaeology of Ancient Egypt: Feb 27th - Geography and Early Exploration: Geographically isolated: Western Barrier - Desert Eastern Barrier - Red Sea + Desert Northern Barrier - Mediterranean Southern Barrier - Rocky outcrops, shallow areas Could live without fear of attack/large scale invasions Egyptian culture could become independant Promoted the longevity of the empire Nile River: Cuts through the centre of Egypt Constant source of irrigation Provided rich, alluvial silt Two sources: Lake Victoria (White Nile) → Tanzania Lake Tana (Blue Nile) → Ethiopia The White/Blue Nile comes together at Khartoum (Nubia) Six cataracts - Shallows and rocky outcrops + rapids Rosetta (left), Damietta Branch (right) Low, flat, but had some swamps + marshes Upper/Lower Egypt: Lower Egypt at the top, Upper at the bottom The Nile flows South to North Lower Egypt Branches out at the Delta, flows into the Mediterranean Upper Egypt: Luxor/Thebes Amun was a major God Across the river is the Valley of the Kings Eastern Desert Could only traverse on Wadis (Dry River Beds) Wadi Hammamat = the most notable Access to the Red Sea Symmetry: Ma’at - “Order”, “Truth” Egyptians would always strive towards this The Pharaoh was responsible for keeping this in the land Art + Architecture is mirrored or symmetrical
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Ranil Prasad Exploration of Ancient Egypt: Greek Historian - Herodotus (5th Century BCE) Only sources from Egypt were from the Bible + Herodotus Late 18th Century artists impressions of Egypt Saw Egyptians as mysterious, hieroglyphics were magical spells Napoleon - invaded Egypt to have access to the Red Sea + India + the Far East Brought over 100 scholars to provide descriptions of everything in Egypt (geography, landscape, monuments, etc) - Headed by Vivant Denon Created a 24 volume set called “Description de l’Egypte” Obelisks at Alexandria Commemorative of some event or a Pharaoh's reign Sphinx at Giza Drawing of someone measuring the head of the Sphinx At this point, the Sphinx was covered up to its neck Temple of Luxor Seated statues of Ramses II (47 year reign) Was a temple to Amun Temple of Horus at Edfu Late period Found with very high sand People had houses in the temple complex Description de l’Egypte brought on Egyptomania in the 1800s
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