Section Two Week 4. Lecture Notes: Justice, Honesty and the Rings of Invisibility--Section Two: Week 4Plato: The Republic and The Rings or Invisibility (Anthony, Gyges, Frodo and Sauron)Hello class: Thank you for all of your insightful and interesting answers and comments about Plato's theory of justice and the film "The Fellowship of the Ring". On this sixth week, we will continue thinking about honesty and corruption. We will bring Plato's ethical ideal to Middle Earth to see how the Hobbits participate in the great battles between good and evil. As you already have read in the Republic, Plato confronted Socrates' idea of justice with Glaucon's sophist position, which expresses that 'injustice is more profitable than justice" and to illustrate that point Glaucon presented to us the story of the villain Gyges.In the Lord of the Rings, Tolkien extended Plato's journey of virtue and honesty to prove that a life of moral integrity is better that a life of corruption, murder and lies. However, both Plato and Tolkien showed us that we make the ultimate choice of following Gyges' behavior or not. In the trilogy, Frodo chooses to destroy the ring in order to save the Shire and all of the good things of Middle Earth, but he also learned that in order to fulfill thistask, he has to defeat his own desires and he pays a high price.You will also read a lovely story about "Big Anthony and the Magic Ring",a beautiful metaphor created and illustrated by Tomi de Paola, a children's writer and educator.