Religion 103 - Paul

Religion 103 - Paul - Christianity and Islam A large...

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Christianity and Islam A large influential factor of the world is religion. Religion is a system of symbols, myths, doctrines, ethics, and rituals for the expression of ultimate relevance. 1 There are five categories in which religion is divided. They are creeds, codes, canons, cults, and communities. There are numerous religions around today, and the two that have managed to dominate various regions of the world are Islam and Christianity. There are some similarities between these two religions, but there are also many differences which draw them apart. Christianity and Islam both have influenced their followers to act and live in the way that the religion expects them to. In this paper, Christianity and Islam will be compared to each other in regards to the five categories of division previously mentioned, and also how Christianity in the United States and Islam in Iraq impacts social and ethical issue of abortion. The creed of the Islam faith is called the Shahada, which is the most important of the five pillars, the cardinal duties. 2 The Shahada states “There is no God but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” 3 God is one, and is not part of the trinity, unlike what the Christians believe. Two of the most widely recognized proclamations of Christianity are the Apostolic Creed and Nicene Creed. Both of these creeds are similar, but there are a few lines which divide them. The Nicene Creed, which is directed more to the time in which it was written, is recited during church. The Nicene Creed addresses salvation, history, and heresies from its time. It is more specific to the council of which it was created. 1 Carmody, Denise L., and T. L. Brink. Ways to the Center pg 1 2 Godlas, A. "Islam and Islamic Studies Resources." 3 Carmody, Denise L., and T. L. Brink. Ways to the Center pg 303
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In the Bible are the 10 Commandments. These commandments are the codes of Christianity, given to Moses by God while Moses was praying on a mountain. Christians follow these commandments, and because the commandments tell how to live, the Christians can live the commandments every day, because they influence morals and ethics of those who believe. 4 In Islam, the third pillar, Zakat, is considered to be the code of the religion. In the holy writings it reads, “If you give alms openly, it is well; but if you do it secretly and give to the poor, that is better” (Qur’an 9:103). In general, it is asked that the Islamic people give up 2.5% of their earnings, or 5-10% of harvest, to the poor. 5
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Religion 103 - Paul - Christianity and Islam A large...

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