Mental Health Unit 1 (ATI AND Textbook) Mental Health – a state of well-being in which each individual is able to realize their own potential, cope with normal stresses of life, work productively, and make a contribution to the community Provides people w/ the capacity for rational thinking, communication skills, emotional growth, resilience, and self esteem Psychieaty’s definition of mental health – shaped by culture and societal values; reflects changes in cultural norms, society’s expectations, political climates, and reimbursement criteria by third-party payers Mental illness – all mental disorders with definable diagnoses, manifested in significant dysfunction that may be r/t developmental, biological or psychological disturbances in mental functioning Contributing Factors Resilience – the ability and capacity for people to secure the resources they need to support their well- being Closely associated w/ the process of adapting and helps people facing tragedies, loss, trauma, and severe stress Recognizing feelings, readily dealing w/ them, and learning from the experience rather than falling victim to negative emotions Characterized by: optimism, a sense of mastery, and competence Resilience Factor Test BOX 1-1 Culture – mental health is culturally defined and based on interpretations of effective functioning according to societal norms Perceptions of Mental Health and Mental Illness Mental Illness vs. Physical Illness – people commonly make a distinction between mental illness and physical illness that implies that psychiatric disorders are “all in the head” and therefore under personal control and indistinguishable from a choice to indulge in bad behavior Nature vs. Nurture o Nature plus nurture (diathesis stress model) asserts that most psychiatric disorders result from a combination of genetic vulnerability and negative environmental stressors Social Influences on Mental Health Care Consumer Movement and Mental Health Recovery Recovery – a consumer focused process in which people are able to live, work, learn, and participate fully in their communities; a process of change through which individuals improve their health and wellness, live a self-directed life, and strive to reach their full potential 10 guiding principles of recovery: o Self-directed – consumers lead, control, exercise choice over, and determine their own path of recovery o Individual and person centered – recovery is based on unique strengths and resiliencies, as well as needs, preferences, experiences (including past trauma), and cultural backgrounds o Empowering – consumers have the authority to choose from a range of options, participate in all decisions that will affect their lives, and be educated and supported in so doing
o Holistic – recovery encompasses an individual’s whole life, including mind, body, spirit and community o Strengths based – recovery is focused on valuing and building on the multiple capacities,
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