Anthro 41A Final Review - Anthro 41A Final...

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Anthro 41A Final Review (Maya_menon) Hernando Cortez Pt.1: Lead Spanish group from Cuba in search of China/India Arrives in Mexico in 1519 (same year the GOD Quetzalcoatl was predicted to arrive) Hernando Cortez Pt. 2: Thinking he was possibly the God (Quetzalcoatl) the Aztecs sent him gifts) Hernando Cortez Pt. 3: Later destroyed the Aztec Empire with his boats and with the Tlaxcalan allies (had 149,000 men who hated the Aztecs) after the Aztec population had been devastated by European Disease. Montezuma Obsessed with Quetzalcoatl and believed Cortez to be him He is taken hostage and the Aztec people begin to rebel He is killed and Cortez and his men flee the city at midnight, but half of his men don’t make it. After Fleeing the Aztec city: Cortez and his surviving men spend the next 18 months living with the Tlaxcalan and build small boats in preparation for an attack on the Aztec capital. Reasons for Aztec Conquest: Due to the time of Cortez arrival, they believed he may by Quetzalcoatl (God) and instead of attacking him, they brought him gifts of gold and welcomed him into their capital. After Cortez and his men fled from the Aztec city, 75% of the Aztec population died due to European disease. Months later, Cortez returned and laid siege on the city for 80 days, starving of the remaining Aztecs. 1521: The former Aztec empire became the Spanish Empire and Europe would suddenly gain a huge wealth. 1531: The Inca Empire falls to Francisco Pizarro after being devastated by European disease Spain now has access to the wealth of two major American Empires Emperor Charles I and V: Descended from the Habsburg Family Charles I: Was born in 1500
Mother is Juan La Loca Father was Philip The Handsome Said to be born under the same signs as Caesar Augustus - Great Roman emperor Charles I Believed...: Believed that if he could convert enough people to Christianity that the second coming of Jesus would occur. Juana La Loca: The daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella the Catholics Philip the Handsome: Had many affairs, son of emperor Maximillion (I) and Marie of Burgundy Eurocentric Economy: Blaut argues that as the conquest of the Americas continues, Europe gains a huge economics advantage and the economic trade center shifts from the Indian Ocean to Europe, especially as Europe uses its American wealth to take control of the trade centers in the Indian Ocean region. Protocapitalism: Occurs when trade becomes the primary economic practice Trans-regional trade replaces agriculture as the economic engine of society Middle classes tend to grow Capitalism: Occurs when the middle classes take political power for themselves Protocapitalism to Capitalism: Blaut argues that the new wealth from the Americas allows Europe to develops a growing middle class who will take political power for themselves and develop Europe into a set of capitalist states.

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