Chapter 11 Annotes - AP US HISTORY THE SOUTH AND SLAVERY...

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AP US HISTORYTHE SOUTH AND SLAVERY 1790s-1850sCHAPTER 11NADER NABEHAmerican Communities: Natchez-under-the-HilloA tax of $10 per flatboat, designed to rid the wharf district of Natchez-Under-the-Hill in Mississippi of poor flatboatmen, causes protests from those whose cargoes were confiscated for being unable to pay the tax. The militia is called up and disperses the protest.oEuropeans did not settle Natchezland until 1720, when the French established the port Fort Rosalie and destroyed the Natchez, the fort becoming a major trading site on the Mississippi.oThe Spanish took control of Fort Rosalie in 1763, moved the town up a bluff away from floodwaters, and renamed the port Natchez-Under-the-Hill. It was taken by the Americans in 1798.oThe port became known as the last stop before New Orleans and was a site of racial intermingling,oThe town of Natchez became home to planter aristocrats, whose livelihoods were sustained by slavery. They were wary of the multiracial Under-the-Hill, and in November 1837 issued a threat to the “gamblers, pimps, and whores” twenty-four hours to evacuate.oUnder-the-Hill, with its racial and social mixing, threatened the slave-owner’s system of control that relied on control and clear distinctions between free whites and enslaved blacks.King Cotton & Southern Expansion-Slaveryhad long dominated southern life-First slave boom was when indigo, tobacco or rice was grown- Demand for these crops declined -> slavery declined- However with cotton gin -> slavery boom- Cotton was needed to clothe the newly industrial world1
Slavery waned in the early days of independence, but returned with the rise of cotton and expandedOriginal States, 1790: Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, NC & SC, GeorgiaBy 1821: (Old Southwest) Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Alabama, Mississippi, LouisianaBy 1850: Florida, Arkansas, TexasThe labor of African American slaves was used to grow all of the South’s export crops during the colonial period. Cotton’s economic success and the reliance on the slave system that produced it created a unique culture very different from that of the North as planters came to accept and defend slavery as a positive good, not a necessary evil. Cotton Gin & Expansion into Old SouthwestTechnology: The cotton gin, invented by Eli Whitney and Catherine Greenein 1793 automated the task of removing the seeds from cotton, allowing for more cotton growing.Migration: Cotton expansion led planters to migrate to the black belt, a fertile area stretching from western Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. This was called Alabama Fever.2
-The "Five Civilized Tribes", the Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles were forced to give up land- FNP were to be removed as they interfered with the social order- Weren't black slaves and were more civilized, but weren't white masters -> kicked outQuestion of Slavery- Southern labor system shifted from white indentured servitude to African slavery during the colonial period because servants would not perform plantation work for others when

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