EASC_Midterm_Study_Guide_fall_05

EASC_Midterm_Study_Guide_fall_05 - MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE FALL...

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MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE FALL 2005 FOR EAST ASIAN SOCIETIES 150g 1. Differences between the Chinese and Japanese images or stereotypes that were shown in the TV episodes in class - Saturday night live game show- shows how game shows in japan more physical and harsh. People get punished for doing something wrong- show is based on how to punish and embarrass people. - shows that Japanese are more out there, tons of weird technology. - idea of self sacrifice. - simpsons- Chinese 1 child policy - Kill Bill- Lucy Liu being displayed as powerful dragon lady. 2. The Soviet Model and the Maoist Model of Development (from Ogden) - in early years of CCP, china’s leaders favored soviet model of development of education, legal system and economic system. - economic model favored capital-intensive industrialization- all soviet aid had to be repaid. - required reliance on soviet experts and well educated Chinese. - however without soviet support in beginning, questionable whether or not CCP would have been successful. - Maoist model- took account of China’s low level of development, poverty and large population. - bold movement of development evident in great leap forward. 3. Feudalism in Japan - closed social clases- can’t move from one class to another - well defined hierarchy of power holders - identification of each individual as responsible to some other individual above him in the hierarchy and related to others not in the hierarchial line because of his superiors relationship to him. - distribution of goods and services based primarily on rank. - dominated by powerful regional families and military rule of warlords. - men of military power carved out land holdings for themselves –samurai- had land worked by peasant farmers who gave portion of agricultural production to them in exchange for land while samuruai had to provide Shogun with portion of their profit. - japan isolated, closed doors to rest of world. - Chinese people invest in land while japanese merchants never become members of nobility (re-invest in land) 4. Deng Xiaoping and his legacy - took over after Mao- - opened China to the outside world and created reforms that led to liberalization of both economic and political spheres. - secured communist rule by strengthening China. - oversaw establishment of special economic zones. - decreased number of soldiers and improved military technology. - developed closer ties with Japan and the west. - initiated open door policy in 1979. - economic reform and the Long March. - communist party leader during Tienanamen square. 5. Great Leap Forward - Mao’s attempt to rapidly accelerate the pace of industrialization so China could catch up with the west. - land merged in to large communes, peasant women engaged in fields to increase agricultural production. - had peasants smelt steel since possessing proper revolutionary consciosness would be able to produce more than those who were expert but lacked
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EASC_Midterm_Study_Guide_fall_05 - MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE FALL...

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