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Principles of Management CLEP Study Guide 1 of 71 of 64Management can be defined as a process taking place in an organization, and consists of a number of interrelated functions which must be accomplished for the organization to be effective. Management is this process, and consists of a number of functions to include planning, organizing, staffing, directing, andcontrolling.2 of 64Management is a process, and consists of the following functions: planning, organizing, staffing directing, and controlling. The fifth function is known as controlling and involves making sure that things are going according to plan.3 of 64The management process consists of five functions: planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. The second function is organizing, which involves dividing up the work, establishing a structure of authority and responsibility, grouping the resources, and coming up with ways to coordinatethe various parts4 of 64The planning function of management involves defining goals and a purpose for the organization, planning alternative courses of action, and basically preparing for the future. The planning function involves preparing the company for the future by setting goals, planning for various contingencies, etc5 of 64The organizing function of management involves dividing up the work, grouping resources, establishing a structure of authority, and coming up with ways to coordinate the parts. This describes the organization function, in which resources are grouped, work is allocated, and a structure for coordinating the work and human resourcesis defined.6 of 64The staffing function of management involves selecting, placing, utilizing, and taking care of employees. This describes the staffing function of management. The staffing function is also known as personnel management and humanresources management7 of 64The directing function of management involves guiding and influencing the employees to seek organizational objectives. The directing function of management, also known as leading, involves getting the employees to work towards the organization's goals.8 of 64The controlling function of management involves assuring the organizational and managerial objectives are accomplished. The controlling function of management can be considered the opposite of the planning function. In the control function, we measureand observe how well the plans are working.9 of 64There are different levels of management. A manager's level can generally be determined by looking at the three areas of managerial skill: technical, interpersonal, and conceptual. The three skills involved in managerial work are technical, interpersonal, and conceptual. Low-level managers have more technical, less conceptual. High-level managers are typically the opposite.