mene sap 4 - Theories of Management By ARL...

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Theories of Management By : ARL Jonathan (1506305120) Gentha Putri Wardana (1506305095) Yurika Ernawati (1406305014) Udayana University 2015/2016 1
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of contents .................................................................................................................... Chapter 1 Introduction ........................................................................................................... 1.1 Background ............................................................................................................ 1.2 Problems ................................................................................................................. 1.3 Goals ...................................................................................................................... 1.4 Benefits .................................................................................................................. Chapter 2 Content .................................................................................................................. 2.1 The Classical / Scientific Management Theory ................................................... 2.2 Human Relations Theorists .................................................................................... 2.3 Modern management .............................................................................................. 2.4 Management Theory Development on the Future ................................................. Chapter 3 Conclusion and Suggest ........................................................................................ 3.1 Conclusion ............................................................................................................. 3.2 Suggest ................................................................................................................... 2
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Management is universal in the modern industrial world. There is no substitute for good management that it makes human efforts more productive. Without proper management, the resources of production cannot be converted into production. Management is a vital function concerned with all aspects of the working of an organization. Thus, management it has theories that explain about how it works. 1.2 Problems 1. What is The Classical / Scientific Management Theory 2. What is Human Relations Theorists 3. What is Modern management (How will Management Theory Development on The Future 4. How will Management Theory Development on The Future 1.3 Goals 1. To know The Classical / Scientific Management Theory 2. To know Human Relations Theorists 3. To know Modern management 4. To know Management Theory Development on The Future 1.4 Benefits To help the student know about the theories of management and its development and to fulfill the management subject task. CHAPTER 2 CONTENT The Classical / Scientific Management Theory 3
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Enlist classical management theories to boost efficiency and worker productivity. Scientific management theory, also called classical management theory, entered the mainstream in the early 1900s, with an emphasis on increasing worker productivity. Developed by Frederick Taylor, the classical theory of management advocated a scientific study of tasks and the workers responsible for them. Although its goal was providing workers the tools necessary for maximizing their efficiency and output, it is also criticized for creating an "assembly-line" atmosphere, where employees do only menial jobs. For this reason, it has fallen out of favor among many companies and schools of thought, but could still be a valuable tool for your organization, provided you carefully examine all of its principles. For example, the scientific theory of management is considered better suited to businesses based on repetitive tasks, such as a factory. To understand if it's best for your organization, you need to know the foundation of classical management theory. Classical and scientific management theory is based on four main principles: 1. Company leadership should develop a standard method for doing each job using scientific management. 2. Workers should be selected for a job based on their skills and abilities.
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