Ch. 7 Finding Purpose Through Argumentative Writing

Ch. 7 Finding Purpose Through Argumentative Writing -...

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Finding Purpose Through Argumentative Writing By Sandi Van Lieu Arguments of Proposal Introduction The word proposal often conjures romantic thoughts of a person proposing marriage. Popping the question essentially is the de|nition of a proposal : asking someone to consider and accept some type of change with a call for action. These arguments for change or action can be small, midrange, or large. Small: A parent proposing that a child complete a chore in exchange for watching television Midrange: A small business grant proposal Large: A committee in the U.S. House of Representatives proposing new legislation Proposals A proposal argument goes beyond just thinking about an argument, and instead is a request for the reader to act. Proposals are used every day in personal lives and in the professional world. A proposal often is made up of several elements: The person making the proposal—the proposer; The audience—the receiver; The means—how the proposal is communicated; and The purpose—why the proposer is requesting the action. Figure 7.1. Diˆerent Types of Proposals Diˆerent Types of Proposals PROPOSER AUDIENCE MEANS PROPOSAL PURPOSE American Cancer Society Smokers Poster Proposals that smokers quit smoking To get individuals to be healthier and reduce their chances of getting cancer A politician A committee in the State House of Representatives Speaking and visual aids Proposes that a law for legalizing recreational marijuana be passed To save money and time from arrests and make money from sales A teenager Parents Speaking Proposes her parents buy her a car To get a car to have transportation A wife A husband Speaking and informational documents Proposes he open up a retirement account To have money for retirement
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A college student College president A written letter Proposes that the college add a physical education class as a requirement for graduation To encourage students to stay physically healthy A business Online shoppers Website Proposes that the buyer accept their discounted rate on household items To sell product The proposal examples in Table 7.1 show a variety of proposal elements. The proposal may aˆect the proposer personally or professionally, or a mixture of both. The means of delivery vary, from giving a speech, sending a report, or sending an email. Proposals can happen between everyday individuals or they can happen on a large scale, such as foreign policy. Proposals can be solicited or unsolicited. Proposals can also use similar forms of arguments and proofs, which will be discussed later. Helpful Hint If a topic has not been pre-selected for you, then to |gure out what to write about, consider topics that interest you; think about problems you see in the world around you and ideas you have for solutions. Begin to brainstorm ideas. Think about problems in your city/town/state, at your workplace, related to your future career |eld, or in society in general. If no ideas come to you, consider going to a news website and looking at what is going on in the world to |nd a topic that interests you.
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