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Cahokia- Cahokia is the site of the first permanent settlement in what is now the state of Illinois and the location of some of the last remnants of the French colonial period in the state. It is located along the MississippiHohokam- Hohokamculture, prehistoric North American Indians who lived approximately from ad 200 to 1400 in the semiarid region of present-day central and southern Arizona, largely along the Gila and Salt rivers. The Hohokam disappeared from their villages near the Salt and Gila Rivers in1450CE.Anasazi- thought to be ancestors of the modern Pueblo Indians, inhabited the Four Corners country of southern Utah, southwestern Colorado, northwestern New Mexico, and northern Arizona from about A.D. 200 to A.D. 1300, leaving a heavy accumulation of house remains and debris.Iroquois League- Mohawk, Cayuga, Oneida, Onondaga, Serecea—Great league of peace, brought stability Discovery- goal was to trace the origins of the United States, to pick out thegerms of capitalism, Protestantism, religious tolerance (within Protestantism), slavery, democracy,and power within the country, Frontier- where society remade itself anew.ContingencyMaize- e natives had practical reasons for using so much maize. Maize was easy to grow. In fact,in this area, the plants grew and developed so quickly that two crops could be grown in one seasonsettlers learned to cultivate Indian corn from their native neighbors, who were growing large amounts of it.CHPT 2Columbus-Went toward west, wanted to go to China to convert islam. Arrived at Bahamas broight back inhabitants to convert. Sponspored by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. Contingent- Might have gone differently, Euros behind in techColonization- Moved into islands in eastern Atlanta, Canaries
Taino- encountered by Christopher Columbus, when he arrived on the island he called Santa María de la Concepción. 50,000 died bc of disease spreadingLand Alienation- is that which has been acquired from customary landowners by Government, either for its own use or private development requiring a mortgage or other forms of guarantees. The term refers historically to the appropriation of customarylandby European colonial powers.Smallpox- Euros survived bc of epidemics, killed Indians. Europeans brough this over to the newworld. Encomienda- a grant by the Spanish Crown to a colonist in America conferring the right to demand tribute and forced labor from the Indian inhabitants of an area.Repartimiento- Residents of indian villages free still needed work, had access to land, can’t be bought, End of 16thCentury: forced wage labor and slave laborCabeza de Vaca- Explorer w Spaniards, fought Indians, convert them Pueblo Revolt- 1680 New Mexico population was mostly mestizos. Tried converting Indians w violence. Burned indian idols, masks, etc.