HS150_Assignment_06_-_World_Civilizations_I - Running head HS150 ASSIGNMENT 06 1 Sui Tang and Song Dynasties Name Institution Instructor Course Date

HS150_Assignment_06_-_World_Civilizations_I - Running head...

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Running head: HS150 ASSIGNMENT 06 1Sui, Tang, and Song DynastiesNameInstitutionInstructorCourseDate
HS150 ASSIGNMENT 06 2Sui, Tang, and Song DynastiesIntroductionChina, one of the countries that can boast of an ancient civilization, has a long andmysterious history - almost 5,000 years of it! Like most other great civilizations of the world,China can trace her culture back to a blend of small original tribes which have expanded till theybecame the great country we have today.It is recorded that Yuanmou man is the oldest hominoid in China and the oldest dynasty isXia Dynasty. From the long history of China, there emerge many eminent people that havecontributed a lot to the development of the whole country and to the enrichment of her history.Among them, there are emperors like Li Shimin (emperor Taizong of the Tang), philosopherslike Confucius, great patriotic poets like Qu Yuan and so on.Sui DynastyStarted from 581 and ended in 618, the Sui Dynasty lasted for only 38 years and had onlythree emperors. With a tyrannical second emperor - Emperor Yang, the Sui Dynasty was oftencompared to the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC). However, the whole nation was reunified andcertain economic and political advances were achieved in the period.In Northern Zhou (557 - 581), Yang Jian, who was born to the noble class and was theChengxiang (Prime Minister) of the last emperor, monopolized the political and military powerand suppressed the separatist forces as well as some other royal forces. In 581, Yang Jianreplaced Northern Zhou with Sui and proclaimed himself Emperor Wen. Thus the Sui Dynastywas founded, with Chang'an (currently Xian) the capital and Luoyang the auxiliary capital. In
HS150 ASSIGNMENT 06 3589, the Sui Court defeated the last of the Southern Dynasties, Chen, and unified the wholenation.

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