World War I vsWorldWar IIDiffen› Social Sciences› History
The First World War (WWI)was fought from 1914 to 1918 and the Second World War (or WWII)was fought from 1939 to 1945.They were the largest military conflicts in human history. Both wars involved military alliances between different groups of countries.World War I (a.k.a the First World War, the Great War, the War To End All Wars) was centered on Europe. The world warring nations were divided into two groups namely ‘The Central Powers’ and ‘The Allied Powers’. The central powers group consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. The Allied powersgroup consisted of France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and (from 1917) the U.S.World War II (a.k.a the Second World War), the opposing alliances are now referred to as ‘The Axis’ and ‘The Allies’. The Axis group consisted of Germany,Italy, and Japan. The Allies group consisted of France, Britain, the U.S., the Soviet Union, and China. World War II was especially heinous because of the genocide of Jewish people perpetrated by the Nazis.Comparison chart</> Embed this chartWorld War IWorld War IIPeriod andduration1914 to1918; 4 years1939 to 1945; 6 YearsTriggers andcausesAssassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria in June 1914. Militarism, Imperialism, nationalism and alliance system.Political and economic instability in Germany. The harsh conditions of the Treaty of Versailles Rise of power of Adolf Hitlerand his alliance with Italy and Japan to oppose the Soviet UnionConflictbetweenThe Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) and the Allied Powers (France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and (from 1917) the U.S.)The Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) and the Allied Powers (France, Britain, the U.S., the Soviet Union, and China)CasualtiesEstimated to be 10 million military dead, 7million civilian deaths, 21 million wounded, and 7.7 million missing or imprisoned.Over 60 million people died in World WarII. Estimated deaths range from 50-80 million. 38 to 55 million civilians were killed, including 13 to 20 million from war-related disease and famine.
World War IWorld War IIGenocideThe Ottoman Empire (Turkey) carried out genocide of ArmeniansGerman Nazis committed genocide against Jewsand gypsiesMethods ofwarfareFought from lines of trenches and supported by artillery and machineguns, infantry assault, tanks, early airplanes and poisonous gas. Mostly static in nature, mobility was minimal.Nuclear power and missiles were used, modern concepts of covert and special operations. Submarines and tanks were also more heavily used. Encryption codes for secret communication became more complex. Germany used the Blitzkrieg fighting method.OutcomesThe German, Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires were defeated.