galileo affair - Henriquez 1 Paola Henriquez Professor...

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HenriquezPaola HenriquezProfessor ManheimSC112December 7th, 2016The Galileo AffairGalileo Galilei is a household name in every science and history classroom around the world.Hebore many ‘hats’ within his seventy-seven years of life.Inventor,mathematics professor,astrologist,discoverer,and scientist are a few titles that are associated with his name. Yet, hisexperience as an author,is what caused him to live out the rest of his life under house arrest.Galileo, being ahead of his time,supported the ‘Copernican Theory’.This theory, and allevidence and teachings that support it,were not backed or sustained by the Catholic Church.This essay will examine why Galileo was brought before the Inquisition,and what was the resultof his trial.What did the Copernican Theory claim and why was it dubbed a sin by the Church to anyonewho believed in it? The Copernican Theory received its name after its creator,NicholasCopernicus.Copernicus was a scientist who believed that “the Sun is the center, and the Earthrevolves around it as it rotates on its axis on a daily basis” (Leveillee).That assertion, is thecenter of what was to be formed as the “Copernican Theory”.This theory is based off of aheliocentric or,sun-centered, system (New Mexico Space Museum). The Church finds a problemwith the heliocentric system because they believed that the Holy Scriptures state that the Earth is1
Henriquezthe center of the universe, not the sun (Leveillee).Copernicus presented this theory in his booktitled “Revolutions”. This book was published in Latin, which was normal considering that allscholarly men read in Latin. Unlike Galileo’s, who’s charge is written in Italian so that all of Italywould be able to read it. “Copernicus faced no persecution when he was alive because he diedshortly after publishing his book, Revolutions.

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Term
Spring
Professor
ALANMANHEIM
Tags
Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Heliocentrism, Galileo, Absolute Catholic Power

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