As you work through this module, you will complete an experiment reflection, a free–response
question (FRQ) practice, and create a journal entry.
08.00 Experiment Reflection
Compose a reflection based on the experiments you observed and read about in the module.
What is the role of scientific experiments in psychology? Use specific examples from the
module. Your assignment will be graded according to this assignment
Scientific experiments play a major role in psychology. For instance, when a research
psychologist conducts a scientific experiment to test a hypothesis they collect important data that
can be used in context to either strengthen(contribute to), disprove, or prove the hypothesis. To
do this, psychologists use the information gathered to strengthen the hypothesis by providing
further proof, disprove the hypothesis by providing contradictory evidence, or prove the
hypothesis by collecting the same data and results as the researchers that came before him.
Scientific experiments often bring about great discoveries. In this module, this chapter was all
about personality and the many theories that come along with it. For example, there was a
research conducted on identical twins separated at birth who when reunited acted the same. They
were called the “Jims.” They shared interests in mechanical and carpentry, a love of math and a
dread of spelling in high school, and smoked and drank the same amount. They shared many
similarities and this lead the researchers to believe that personality is genetic. On the other hand,
there were the Oskar and Jack twins who exhibited a number of similarities in personality and
behavior but were raised in very different places and with different values. In terms of
environment, Oskar and Jack were not so identical twins.
08.00 Free Response Question Practice
After completing all of the lessons in this module, answer the following Free Response Question
Since Emma beat his score on the test, Dean decided he was having trouble in his AP Psychology
class. Despite his efforts and recent success, he went back down to #2 status on his last exam.