MentalIllnessExam2 - Social Stress Theory Social and biological perspective need to work together What do we know about influences on mental distress

MentalIllnessExam2 - Social Stress Theory Social and...

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Social Stress Theory·Social and biological perspective need to work together ·What do we know about influences on mental distress that someone has? What prevents it? oSocial conditions people live in oInequality oSocial context! Stressors -> Stress -> Distress ·What is the difference? oCoping §Psychological Resilience – needed to cope and deal with stressors oSome groups are more vulnerable to stressors than others §Example: during the recession, the working poor and blue collared class were MORE vulnerable to the effects than the rich or better class of workers in our society §Example: in job layoffs, women are going to be let go before men, so women are MORE vulnerable We're done talking about cases (bio, social, psycho); now we're talking about causal. Stressors (events) -> modifiers (resources) -> outcome (distress) In this second part (exam 2 stuff), we're not gonna just look at events from stressors, we're gonna look at social structures (under stressors) Social structures - social class; living conditions; and arrangement Terrorism: Terrorism is a violent and often gruesomeact intended to do physical harmto its immediate victims and psychological harm to those who witness it, in such a manner as also to inflict extreme fear, indeed terror, among those who are targeted, usually for purposes of influencing public opinion or public policy. Terrorist acts are those resulting or intended to result in death, torture, kidnapping, dismemberment, or harm to other vital political economic interest of a group or its members. The act itself can be among the most extreme examples of a traumatic event to those who experience it Example) 9/11 Massacre, horrible, but doesn't have the public policy piece Terrorism is meant to instill psychological harm on the witnesses and those being targeted U.S. State Department defines it more restrictively: "premeditated, politically motivatedviolence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents" Targets do not have weapons to defend, and they are not familiar with combat. Foreign terrorist organizations - more than three dozen Types of terrorist attacks
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Hijacking sabotage, kidnapping, detaining, bombings (suicide and others), torture and disfigurement, threats, and assassination Terrorist device Bombs, biological chemical, or nuclear weapons, military or small arms, poison, or any weapon imaginable 2006 - about 58,000 individuals Social Stress Theory Terrorism as a social contextual stressormediated by losses: Physical More vulnerableareas: urban areas, train stations, crowded places where many people are located.
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