Semester 1 Final Exam Review - Patryk Baranski VU American History Final Exam Review John Brown 1859 raid on Harpers Ferry trying to capture arms to

Semester 1 Final Exam Review - Patryk Baranski VU American...

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Patryk BaranskiVU American History Final Exam ReviewJohn Brown- 1859, raid on Harper’s Ferry, trying to capture arms to weaponize the slaves for a rebellion. Failed, but turned in an anti-slavery iconAndrew Jackson- President after Election of 1828 and 1832, quelled the Nullification crisis of South Carolina in1828, terminated the National Bank, passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830, and began the democratic party icon, the jackassAaron Burr- former Vice President to Jefferson, suspected of treason, shot Alexander Hamilton in a duel after Hamilton attacked his characterJohn C. Calhoun- leader of the South Carolina Nullification issue regarding the Tariff of Abominations, former VP to Jackson, resignedStephan Douglass- politician from Illinois, designed the Kansas-Nebraska Act (which allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery within their borders in 1854), ran for president but lost to LincolnWilliam Sherman- U.S. Civil War Union Army leader known for "Sherman's March," inwhich he and his troops laid waste to the South (scorched earth policy- destroying everything)Harriet Tubman- former slave, escaped, helped family and hundreds of other slaves escape to freedom via the Underground Railroad, served as a scout, spy and nurse during the Civil WarJohn Wilkes Booth- assassinated Lincoln, successful actor, strong sympathizer of theConfederacy, turned into public enemyAbraham Lincoln- worked to unite the nation, 16thpresident, signed Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, freed slaves, shot by JWBHenry Clay- Secretary of State under John Quincy Adams, known as the “Great Pacificator” for his contributions to domestic policy, he emphasized economic development in his diplomacyRobert E. Lee- military officer that graduated from WestPoint and served the Confederacy, invaded the North, defeated at GettysburgBoston Corbett- shot John Wilkes Booth, initially arrested for disobeying orders, but released and called a national hero by the media and publicSlave Narratives- former slaves who recount their experiences on plantations and during the civil war; many are not better off, but they gain many rights thanks to the emancipation proclamation and the 13thand 15thamendmentsRadical Republicans- whites who believed that blacks had just as much political power as themFire-eater- radical pro-slavery southerners, in the Antebellum region who urged secession
Patryk BaranskiKansas-Nebraska Act- allowed the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery within their borders (written 1854)Watershed- an event that changes the environment/society completely; a drastic change that completely separates the time periods before and after the eventSuffrage- the right to vote, allowed women to vote in the 19thamendmentNationalism- a strong feeling of patriotic nature; advocacy of political independence for a countryHabeas Corpus- “you shall have the body”; a writ requiring a person under arrest to

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