1WOMS 210 Final Exam Study GuideWEEK 11 – WomanismAlice Walker, “Womanism" Alice Walker, In Search of Our Mother's Garden: Womanist Prose 1983 Womanist is to feminist as purple is to lavender. (pp. xi–xii) Alice Walker Usually referring to outrageous, audacious, courageous, or willful behavior. Wanting to know more & in greater depth than is considered 'good' for one ... Also a woman who loves other women sexually and/or nonsexually. Appreciates and prefers women's culture, women’s emotionally flexibility, ... and women's strength Sometimes loves individual men, sexually or nonsexually. Committed to survival and wholeness of entire people, male and female. Not a separatist Feminist theologyFeminist theology is movement in religion to reconsider the traditions, practices, scriptures, and theologies of many religions from a feminist perspective. Liberation theology,Liberation theology is movement in Christian theology that sees teachings of Jesus in terms of liberation from unjust political, economic, social conditions ExamplesinLatinAmericacommunities Christology, Christology - field of study concerned with nature, person & teachings of Jesus Christ Cannon argues Christology historically has only allowed the morality of white men to be seen as inheritors of Christ’s kingdom and ignores Black women’s vision of Christ as a liberator for all people, esp. the outcast of society. As a result Christology tends to see Christ as viable only for the few. She focuses on expansive possibilities for Christology that center on liberatory discourse of Christ and calls for a recognizing the standpoint of women of color. Hagar, Delores S. Williams Sisters in the Wilderness (1996) Williams uses the story of Hagar to show the voice of African women in Old Testament Urges a re-examination of slave & surrogate mother, Hagar, concubine of Abraham In Eurocentric theology, she is a solution to childlessness of Sara & Abraham, but is seen by black women as heroine, an exiled woman suffering many of their own fates. Story of Hagar demonstrates the realities of God-talk. That God chose to speak directly to Hagar is a powerful idea. It prefaces God’s later dialogue with Mary, shows centrality of God to daily lives of women. Shows that God chose Africana women as inheritors of His word, love, and wisdom. The relationship between Hagar and God is central to womanist theme of being “called.” Just as God called on Hagar, he calls on other women. -Womanists scholars process & interpret sources in 3 methodological ways. Know the three methods.Methodologically, womanist scholars interpret sources in 3 ways: 1 they celebrate black women's historical struggles and strengths; 2 they critique various forms of black women's oppression ;and3 they create black women's theological and ethical claims.