Unit 1 - POP concepts Client education Culture Clinical...

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POP conceptsClient educationCultureClinical judgementCommunicationSafetyGovernment agencies – obj 2FDA regulates drugsoGiven power by food, drug, cosmetic act of 1938DEA regulates narcotics ex: Ativan, Dilaudid USP (United States Pharmacopeia) herbal drugs ex: B12, ginger, gingko – saying it is what it says it isWho needs knowledge of Pharm? – obj 1 Patients, nurses, doctors, pharmacists Commonly used termsOTC – over the counter (Tylenol, Aspirin, vitamins)Prescribed drugs – written by a physicianPrototyped drugs – first drugs that comes out in the classification for that reason (refer to drug chart in the book)Generic name (harder to pronounce, all lower case) – will be on the testTrade name (easier to pronounce, has a capital letter)PO, BID, QID, SubQCommonly used termsPharmacology – study of drugs Pharmakinectics – the way the body acts on the drugoADMEabsorption, distribution (circulation), metabolism (#1 in the liver), excretion (kidneys, bowels) can lead to toxic levelsPharmacodynamics – the way drugs act on the bodyoOnsetoPeakoDuration oHalf-life of the drugConsider the very young and very old in Pharmakinectics and Pharmacodynamics, a drug may act differently between genders, ethnicities, andanxiety6 rights – obj 6
oPatientoDoseoTimeoMedicationoRouteoDocumentation 3 checksoMed sheet with the MARoMed to the MARoCheck again at the bedside before administrationRight for educationoThe patient has the right to know why they are taking it and the right to refuseNurses responsibility – what would you do? (if pt said they normally do not take that medication,

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