Exam3_Review_pdf - Review Exam 3 Level 1 Medication Administration Discuss the role of the nurse in safely and legally administering medications to

Exam3_Review_pdf - Review Exam 3 Level 1 Medication...

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Review: Exam 3, Level 1Medication AdministrationDiscuss the role of the nurse in safely and legally administering medications to clients.> Administrationof prescribed medications> Monitoring effectsof medications> Assessingpatient self-administration> Correctly timingthe administrationof medication> Patient teachingDiscuss factors that can increase the risk of making a medication error.> Inaccurate prescribing> Administering the wrong medication, dose, route, and time interval> Administering extra doses> Failing to administera medication> Look-alike or sound-alikemedicationsIdentify and discuss the rights of medication administration.> Six rights of medication administration: (PMDTRD - Patty Makes Donuts To Reward Dogs)- Right patient- Right time- Right medication- Right route- Right dose- Right documentation> Additionally, patients have the right to:*Be informedabout a medication*Refusea medication*Have a medication history*Be properly advisedabout the experimental natureof a medication*Receive labeled medications safely*Receive appropriate supportive therapy*Notreceive unnecessary medications*Be informedif medications are part of a research studyDetermine the various routes by which medication can be administered.> Oral Routes: by mouth*Oral: given by mouth and swallowedwith fluid*Sublingual: placed under the tongueto dissolve*Buccal: placed between the gums and mucous membranes of cheekto dissolve> ParenteralRoutes: by injection*Subcutaneous: injected into tissues just below the dermisof the skin*Intramuscular: injected into a muscle*Intravenous: injected into a vein*Intradermal: injected into the dermis just under the epidermis*Body cavities: not normally performed by nurses; injected into body cavities via the following routes - epidural, intraperitoneal, intrathecal or intraspinal, intracardiac, intrapleural, intraarterial, intraosseous, intraarticular.> TopicalRoutes: applied directly on the skin*Spread over an areaof the skin or applied on moist dressings*Sprayedinto a body cavity
*Directly appliedas a liquid or ointment*Administered by inserting a medication or instilling a fluid into a body cavity*Administered by irrigating a body cavity*Administered by soaking body partsin a solution or giving medicated baths*Administered via a transdermal disk or patch> Inhalation: breathedinto the lungs*Administered into nasal or oral passages*May be administered through tubesthat go from the patient’s mouth to the trachea> Intraocular: administered into the eye*Usually a disk like a contact lenscontaining the medication is insertedPerform basic apothecary to metric conversions and drug calculations.> Hello again, my dearDosage Calculations.Discuss the role of the nurse related to educating clients about their medications.

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