Final exam review - Comprehensive Review FINAL EXAM Level 1...

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Comprehensive Review: FINAL EXAM, Level 1UNIT ONEProfessionalism (Essentials of Nursing Practice, Chapters 1 & 6; Contemporary Nursing, Chapter 9)Define the concept of professionalism and its relationship to nursing practice.> Requires an extended education> Requires autonomy> Requires a body of knowledge> Incorporates a code of ethics> Provides a specific serviceList professional behaviors that are consistent with those of a nurse.> Altruism: concern for the welfareand well being of others> Social justice: acting in accordance with fair treatmentregardless of economic status, race, ethnicity, age, citizenship, disability, or sexual orientation> Autonomy: the right to self determination> Human dignity: respect for the inherent worthand uniquenessof individuals and populations> Integrity: acting in accordance with an appropriate code of ethicsand accepted standards of practiceDiscuss the relationship of ethical and legal practice to the role of nurses (Autonomy, Beneficence, Nonmaleficence, Justice, Fidelity, Veracity, Confidentiality, Privacy, Advocacy, and HIPAA).> Autonomy: commitment to include patientsin decisions> Beneficence: taking positive actionsto help others; doing good, creating a positive effect> Nonmaleficence: avoidance of harmor hurt; not doing bad, or reducing negative effects> Justice: being fair> Fidelity: agreement to keep promises> Veracity: telling the truth...always> Confidentiality(Privacy, HIPAA): respecting a patient’s right to privacy and protecting their informationaccording to the legal guidelines established by HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)> Advocacy: speaking upfor patient issuesCompare and contrast accountability and responsibility.> Responsibilitymeans taking ownershipof the results of a project or job before it happens; it requires you to acknowledge that action must be taken on a particular issue, and to act on that knowledge> Accountabilitymeans taking ownershipof the results after the project or job has been completed; includes accepting the consequences of decisions madeRecognize ethical issues/dilemmas affecting client care.> Ethical issueshave a broader base of interest than the law, referring more to subjectiveissues of behavior and character, as opposed to objectivelegality concerns.> Common ethical dilemmas facing clients and hospital staff include end of life care, cultural and religious sensitivity, and social networking/online privacy.> Ethical concerns are often resolved by a hospital ethics committee.Evaluate outcomes of interventions to promote ethical practice.> Part of the evaluation phase of the nursing process involves assessing whether or not the goals and interventions were within ethical practice standards.

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