Chapter_02_figures_and_equations - Selected Notes from...

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Selected Notes from Chapter 2, Heinsohn and Cimbala The respiratory system: Figure 2.1 Components of the respiratory system (courtesy of the American Lung Association).
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Branching airways: Figure 2.2 Schematic diagram of branching airways. The trachea divides into two primary bronchi, one to each lung. Each bronchus divides at least 20 times, and finally terminates in a cluster of alveoli (from Heinsohn & Kabel, 1999).
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Cilia: Figure 2.3 Structure and function of the cilium (adapted from Guyton, 1986).
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Cilia (close-up view in the bronchial tubes): Figure 2.4 Scanning electron micrograph of a portion of a bronchial passage showing cilia interspersed with mucus-secreting cells whose surfaces are covered with microcilli (from Heinsohn & Kabel, 1999).
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Alveoli: Figure 2.5 Alveoli in the pulmonary system; the alveoli are composed of type I cells for gas exchange and type II cells that synthesize surfactant; macrophage lying on the alveolar membrane ingest foreign material that reach the alveoli (from Heinsohn & Kabel, 1999).
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This note was uploaded on 07/23/2008 for the course ME 521 taught by Professor Cimbala during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Chapter_02_figures_and_equations - Selected Notes from...

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