Typology reg - Typology What is typology Typology is"the...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Typology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What is  typo logy? Typology is “the study of types.” Language types? We can take a step back and look at all human languages in our serach for “language types”… 2
Background image of page 2
Origins of human  language(s) When and where did human language develop? Did it emerge in one place and spread? Did it emerge in many places independently? How old is the human race? What is the evidence? 3
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Why would humans develop  language? A very useful tool for the coordination of group activities… But this is not enough. Increase in the size of human brain? (300cc 1300cc) Change in posture (upright)? This makes it easier for the speech organs to develop. Gossip theory of language origins… God’s gift to mankind? We may never know… 4
Background image of page 4
History of Man SPECIES TIME PERIOD Ardipithecus ramidus 5 to 4 million years ago Homo habilis 2.2 to 1.6 m years ago Homo erectus 2.0 to 0.4 m years ago Homo sapiens 200 to 30 thousand Neandertalensis years ago Homo sapiens sapiens 200 thousand years ago to present Writing ca. the last 6000 years 5
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Writing: where? The first known writing system was developed in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia between the two rivers") is an area geographically located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, largely corresponding to today’s Iraq, western Iran and eastern Syria. 6
Background image of page 6
Writing: how? The first system of writing derived from a method of keeping accounts. By the end of the 4th millennium BC, this had evolved into writing using a wedge- shaped stylus pressed into soft clay (hence the term cuneiform). First numbers only were recorded but then names of objects counted were added (in pictographic form). 7
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cuneiform Writing This writing system developed from logograms (1 symbol for 1 word), to include phonetic elements by the 29th century BC. Around the 26th century BC, cuneiform began to represent syllables of spoken Sumerian language. In that period, cuneiform writing became a general purpose writing system and was adapted to other Mesopotamian languages. This tablet came from Babylonia. Its contents have not been translated. Burned clay. Ca. 2500 B.C. 8
Background image of page 8
Hieroglyphs 9 Egyptian writing system that goes back to ca. 3000 BC. Hieroglyphs consist of three kinds of symbols: phonetic glyphs (alphabet); logographs (morphemes) and determinatives, which helped to narrow down the meaning of other symbols.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Rosetta Stone  (now in British Museum) 10 The Rosetta Stone was found in Egypt in 1799. The writing on it is in two languages (Egyptian and Greek), using three scripts ( hieroglyphic , demotic and Greek). It was carved in 196 B.C. . It was deciphered by Jean- François Champollion in 1822.
Background image of page 10
How many languages are there? There are between 5 and 7 thousand languages spoken in the world today. In both Americas there are over 1000 languages spoken… There are several languages with more than 100 million speakers.
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 07/23/2008 for the course HUMANITIES LINGUISTIC taught by Professor Thomas during the Winter '08 term at McMaster University.

Page1 / 52

Typology reg - Typology What is typology Typology is"the...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online