Safwaan KhanImperialism●Global Inequalities○All countries were about the same economically in 1700s○Gap grew after Industrial Revolution●Old Colonialism (before 1880)○Time of Spanish and Portuguese○Europeans just want to trade■Only touch ports along the coast■Leave rest of country untouched■Very little interest in worth of colonies 1815-1880●Europe busy fighting in wars○Tariff barriers■Markets became smaller in Europe●Countries need other places to buy and sell goods■Countries put up protective tariff barriers to develop economy■Colonies could not put up tariff barriers so they were at the mercy of the colonizer●New Imperialism○Second Industrial Revolution 1880■Steel -lightweight and stronger●Bigger railroads & buildings■Electricity ●Street lights and power ●Standard of living go up○Europeans get off ships■Move into interior of colonies to trade■Build railroads and infrastructure to trade easier (ex. India)■Pour in investments and capital ●With more money in colonies, Europeans grew concerned with how the government was. ●Colonial Relationships ○Spheres of influence - Small areas are open for trade to colonizers■Least amount of influence■China ●Did not want to trade w/ West●Opened up by Opium Wars●Europe divided China○Split up China into spheres of influence that only certain countries had access to○Protectorate ■Ruler is of the native land but is controlled by the colonizer like a puppet (ex. Egypt)○Colony ■Same laws from colonizer apply to colony ■Most amount of influence●Reasons for Imperialism○Markets- New markets to sell goods to.○Strategy- Put other countries at a disadvantage.
Safwaan Khan○Pride- Boost nationalism and distract people from domestic issues○Resources- Raw materials needed for manufacturing●China○First Opium War 1837■Great Britain(GB) wanted tea from China●China only accept silver currency & not buy anything from Britain●Britain grow opium in India to sell to Chinese○Chinese get addicted and become useless■Chinese gov’t try to crack down●Outlaw opium●Lin Tse-hsu sent to order foreign merchants to obey Chinese law○Merchants refuse and expelled○