Imperialism Study Guide - Safwaan Khan Imperialism Global...

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Safwaan KhanImperialismGlobal InequalitiesAll countries were about the same economically in 1700sGap grew after Industrial RevolutionOld Colonialism (before 1880)Time of Spanish and PortugueseEuropeans just want to tradeOnly touch ports along the coastLeave rest of country untouchedVery little interest in worth of colonies 1815-1880Europe busy fighting in warsTariff barriersMarkets became smaller in EuropeCountries need other places to buy and sell goodsCountries put up protective tariff barriers to develop economyColonies could not put up tariff barriers so they were at the mercy of the colonizerNew ImperialismSecond Industrial Revolution 1880Steel -lightweight and strongerBigger railroads & buildingsElectricity Street lights and power Standard of living go upEuropeans get off shipsMove into interior of colonies to tradeBuild railroads and infrastructure to trade easier (ex. India)Pour in investments and capital With more money in colonies, Europeans grew concerned with how the government was. Colonial Relationships Spheres of influence - Small areas are open for trade to colonizersLeast amount of influenceChina Did not want to trade w/ WestOpened up by Opium WarsEurope divided ChinaSplit up China into spheres of influence that only certain countries had access toProtectorate Ruler is of the native land but is controlled by the colonizer like a puppet (ex. Egypt)Colony Same laws from colonizer apply to colony Most amount of influenceReasons for ImperialismMarkets- New markets to sell goods to.Strategy- Put other countries at a disadvantage.
Safwaan KhanPride- Boost nationalism and distract people from domestic issuesResources- Raw materials needed for manufacturingChinaFirst Opium War 1837Great Britain(GB) wanted tea from ChinaChina only accept silver currency & not buy anything from BritainBritain grow opium in India to sell to ChineseChinese get addicted and become uselessChinese gov’t try to crack downOutlaw opiumLin Tse-hsu sent to order foreign merchants to obey Chinese lawMerchants refuse and expelled

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