sociology2 (class notes)

sociology2 (class notes) - 7/24/08 1:13 PM Social Distance...

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7/24/08 1:13 PM Social Distance Rules: How close to others do we get? Example of “elevator rules” “The Push” What should I do? What are the possible meanings of being bumped or pushed? Different meanings lead to different reactions ** The key to my reaction is the meaning that I assign to the push. The “objective behavior does not determine our response! The Social Construction of Reality “The process through which people create their understanding of their environment.” The RULES AND MEANINGS that shape our behavior are the basic elements of this process. The social construction of reality becomes taken for granted.
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7/24/08 1:13 PM Review Structural (macro) vs. interactional (micro) Qualitative vs. quantitative research The Social Construction of Reality Rules are collectively enforced. Our understanding of social reality (not necessarily the “objective” reality) strongly influences our behavior The Self-Fulfilling Prophesy Example of our understanding of social reality influencing behavior -> the self-fulfilling prophesy Definition: When an expectation leads to behavior that then causes the expecation to become a reality The Cycle: Believe it is real Act as f it's real It becomes real Example: Bank Panic of the 1930's “It's a Wonderful Life” Banks had 8-10% reserves, and were not failing Nonetheless, people believed banks were failing Rushes on banks led to failures. Remember the gas lines last year??? To end such a self fulfilling prophesy, an outside force is required To end the Bank Panic, President Roosevelt declared a bank holiday. Also created the Federal Depository Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Re-opened banks selectively Placebo Effect People believe that they are becoming healhy, so they begin to act healthy. The Cycle: Believe the medicine is real Begin to act health Become healthy Social Construction of Reality Our social construction of realty shapes our social judgments These social judgments then shape our behaviors
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7/24/08 1:13 PM How Do We “Do” Sociology Must employ social research -> empirical support for sociological ideas Either qualitative or quantitative The “research model” The Research Model Select a topic Define the Topic Review the literature Formulate hypotheses Choose a research method Collect the data Analyze the results Share the results Research Methods of Sociology Surveys Secondary data analysis Documents/archival research Social experiments Unobtrusive methods Participant observation Research Examples Be able to answer these questions regarding “Riding the Bull at Gilley's” & “Dealing Crack” What is the main research question? What is the main research method? What might be some problems with this type of research? What other methods could be used to answer the same quesion?
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sociology2 (class notes) - 7/24/08 1:13 PM Social Distance...

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