Note 2 - What is Philosophy? Philosophy is a Quest for...

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What is Philosophy? Philosophy is a Quest for Understanding our World and Ourselves Philosophy begins with wonder.” Plato “All human beings desire to understand.” Aristotle
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Questions to Sophie “Who are you?” “Where does the world come from?” What is the meaning of life? Why do I (we) exist? Is there a God? Is this life all there is, or is there something else afterward (or before)? What is the meaning of death? Other similar questions
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Sharpening the Questions Is the world of matter, space and time all there is, or is there a spiritual reality? Does God exist? If so, what is God like? What does it mean to be a human person? Is there anything more to being human than being a complex biological machine? Do human beings have free will, or are our choices determined by factors outside our control (heredity, environment, etc.)?
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Questions such as these ask: What is the nature of all that exists? What is truly real? Do all things that exist ultimately share a single nature, or are there different kinds of being? The branch of philosophy which investigates questions about the nature (or the kind of being) of all that exists is called METAPHYSICS
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Major Positions in Metaphysics about the nature of reality Materialism: The space-time world of matter and energy is all that exists. Everything that occurs can be explained through the laws of physics and chemistry. Idealism: Only the mind and its ideas exist. So-called material objects are simply collections of mental images or “ideas.”
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Major Positions in Metaphysics about the nature of reality (continued) Dualism: There are two kinds of reality: the material
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This note was uploaded on 07/24/2008 for the course PHL 103 taught by Professor Zeyl during the Fall '08 term at Rhode Island.

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Note 2 - What is Philosophy? Philosophy is a Quest for...

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