midterm - &#26 5 midterm short anwers Information kimaa...

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Unformatted text preview:  5 midterm short anwers Information kimaa Oct 31, 2007 05:05pm O Reply 1. What are the two modern schools of thought? How are they different than Aristotle’s ethics? Kant: There are moral laws decided by rational people and society; ethics are prescriptive, which is the modern understanding. Utilitarianism: You follow your own desires and self-interests in pursuit of happiness while avoiding pain. However, the limit is when you infringe on or interfere with another person’s happiness. Aristotle’s ethics are different than Kant’s theory and the idea of utilitarianism because he believes that a human being has to lead a “good life” by cultivating and practicing excellences instead of entangling our morals and ethics (Kant) or letting passions and emotions overrule our reason (utilitarianism). 2. In regards to the soul, what are affects, perception, desire, and intellect? Affects are related to pathos—feelings and emotions. Perception is the way we see the form and how we interpret it. Desire is our driving force. Intellect is our holistic comprehension. 3. What is Aristotle’s nature? Aristotle believed that nature is everything that is accessible to change and sought to understand how things came to be. There are two different changes that can occur: internal and external. Internal changes happen within itself (the growth of a seed). External changes happen to it (a bed breaking). 4. Is there pleasure in excellence? One finds pleasure in the pursuit of excellence. An excellence isn’t always something that is pleasurable; for instance, the pleasure is not in the act of telling the truth but pursuing the excellence of truth to be morally happy. 5. Can an excellence be a vice? An excellence can be a vice, depending on a situation. Courage could be the excellence when one chooses to take HCC instead of being a coward and dropping the class or being overconfident coming into the class. However, in the situation of someone being trapped in a fire, courage could be a vice in that it is detrimental to you and others around if you try to save them. The other vice would be to ignore the situation, and the excellence would be to call the fire department. e excellence Information sdmorale Oct 31, 2007 03:45pm O Reply Q: Why are the excellences differentiated from the passions?...
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2008 for the course HUM 1C taught by Professor Lupton during the Spring '08 term at UC Irvine.

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midterm - &#26 5 midterm short anwers Information kimaa...

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