Notes for Test 1 - History Notes for 1st Test Chapter 1-The...

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History Notes for 1 st Test Chapter 1-The Meeting of Cultures Two reasons encouraged Europeans to look toward new lands which were 1) the result of significant growth in Europe’s population in the 15 th century. The Black Death (Bubonic Plague) had killed more than one-third of the people of the continent and by 1500 the population had rebounded and with that growth came a re-awakening of commerce, and as trade increased and with advances in sea travel coming about interest in exploring the new land for trade. 2) The second change was the emergence of new, more powerful governments, in the western areas of Europe, in which strong new monarchs were eager to enhance commercial development of their nations. In 1565, the Spanish established the fort St. Augustine in Florida. In 1598, Don Juan de Onate traveled North from Mexico with a party of 500, and claimed for Spain what is now New Mexico. 1609 Sante Fe was founded. Europeans introduced to America important new crops such as sugar and bananas , domestic livestock such as pigs, sheep, cattle and more importantly the horse . Europeans were introduced by the Natives of North and South America to new foods such as squash, pumpkins, beans, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, and corn. (vegetables)
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