Chapter 2 1. Scientific Method- an approach that can be used to obtain accurate information. It includes these steps: 1. Conceptualize the problem 2. Collect data 3. Draw conclusions 4. Revise research conclusions and theory Theory- an interrelated, coherent set of ideas that helps to explain and to make predictions Hypothesis- specific assumptions and predictions that can be tested to determine their accuracy Information-processing Theory- emphasizes that individuals manipulate information, monitor it, and strategize about it. The processes of memory and thinking are central Social Cognitive Theory- The view of psychologists who emphasize that behavior, environment, and cognition are the key factors in development Ethological Theory- Stresses that behavior is strongly influenced by biology, is tied to evolution, and is characterized by critical or sensitive periods Ecological Theory- Bronfenbrenner’s environmental systems theory that focuses on five environmental systems: microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chromosystem
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2008 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Marchand during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.