Abortion Essay - Kelsey Jans Philosophy 201 Prof Markle...

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Kelsey Jans - 1 - Philosophy 201 Prof. Markle March 13 th 2007 Abortion Abortion is a political issue that has been debated for decades now. There are two types of people who stand on this issue, Pro choice and Pro life. I am Pro choice. I would like to express in my point of view of Pro choice using the argument in “The Moral Significance of Birth” by Warren. I will demonstrate the two assumptions “intrinsic property assumption” and the “single criterion assumption”, why some individuals feel a fetus may not be considered an actual human being, why abortions are morally prohibited and under which circumstances an abortion is permitted. Warren describes two assumptions in her argument. The “intrinsic property assumption” and the “single criterion assumption”. The “single criterion assumption” claims that “ The view that only facts can justify the ascription of basic moral rights or the moral standing to individuals are facts about the intrinsic properties of those individuals.” The second assumption is the “single criterion assumption” which states that “there is some single property, the presence or absence of which divides the world into those things which have moral rights or moral standing, and those who do not.” Warren believes that the “intrinsic property assumption” and the “single criterion assumption” ignore the social relationships that could be taken into account in moral decision making. (Warren p. 2-3)
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-2- Many people believe that a fetus is not an actual human being. But there are different opinions about this. Some people think that a fetus can be considered a human
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