History of Modern Iran Midterm Guide - HistoryofModernIran MidtermStudyGuide Lecture2:24January2017 Persepolis symbolizes the continuation of society in

History of Modern Iran Midterm Guide - HistoryofModernIran...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 22 pages.

History of Modern Iran Midterm Study Guide Lecture 2 : 24 January 2017 Persepolis symbolizes the continuation of society in Iran When Alexander the Great came to Iran, he burned ti down Act of vengeance for burning down Athens Ironically, preserved the ruins Iran, from Empire to Nation State Cultural unity in a nation state, an empire is more multi-ethnic Ceremonial stairs in Persepolis symbolize Iranian multi-cultural unity Various groups bringing tribute to the King of Kings Translated to Emperor Iran that we know today founded in 1500, 500 years ago Tehran is the capital, one of the most polluted cities Most Iranians are Shi’ites Old religion was Zoroastrian Religious symbol adopted by many non-Zoroastrians Became symbol of Iranian nationality Iran used to have large Jewish population, not anymore Tomb of Queen Esther Baha’i Faith, new religion in Iran Flag of Iran before and after revolution Allah in the middle, written 22 times Green, white, and red Biggest problem facing Iran right now: drought Dams built to divert water upstream Lakes drying up An old state tradition Many centuries when there was no state of Iran Yet there is still a state tradition Iran was never colonized, no colonial past In 19 th century, France and Britain set out to colonize Africa and Asia 6 countries did not become colonies: Thailand, Japan, Ethiopia, China, Turkey, and Iran
Gives them pride, withstood the pressure Until 1800, Iran dealt with Europeans as equals There was no idea that Iran was inferior Iran fights a number of border wars with Russia Much of the Northwest of Iran lost to Christian foreigners Wake up call to the fact that Iran has fallen behind Russia in the North and Britain (British India) in the South Iran squeezed between them How Iran maintained its independence: as the buffer 19 th century, Iranians and Armenians stop fighting Realize they have a common enemy: the West Iran’s independence came at a price Europeans considered them “semi-civilized” Therefore, cannot treat them as equals Institution of this inequality: Capitulations Argued that semi-civilized countries don’t have legal systems Therefore, you need extraterritorial jurisdiction Local courts will not try Europeans People at the Embassy will try them Symbolized fact that Iranians are not really equals Much of the policy debates in Iran centered around how to achieve equality Japan was first to abolish system in 1890s, the rest in 1920 Century that Iranians go to Europe, particularly students Come back and tell about the wonders of Europe Became aware of the fact that they had fallen behind Dominant answer is that “we have to be like them” Writings, primary sources, themes that they touch upon: Women need education Need to modernize and remove corruption Need a legal system that functions Lawless and corruption rampant in Iran Jobs were bought (police) Governors extract as much tax as possible from the region Realization that country had fallen behind Language to gain access to science written in French Need to know foreign language Transformation of an empire into a nation state

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture