2Antimicrobial TherapyThere are many different types of antimicrobials. Healthcare professionals must make a highly educated decision when deciding what agent to prescribe for a patient. The purpose of this assignment will be to discuss the different classification of antimicrobials, describe the differences in viral and bacterial infections, and explain the necessity for determining which viral or bacterial infection is present before prescribing an antimicrobial. Identifying the causative organism is extremely important for antimicrobial selection. Antimicrobial ClassificationAntimicrobials can be classified and organized in many different ways. The most basic way is to classify based on the agent infecting the host. Classes are antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals and antiprotozoals. Antibiotics can further be divides by groups. Groups include Penicillins, Beta-Lactam/Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors, Cephlasporins, Monobactams, Carbapenems, Fluoroquinolones, Macrolides, Aminoglycosides, Tetracyclines, Glycopeptides, Oxazolidinoes, Lipopeptides, Antianaerobic agents and miscellaneous agents. With a list this extensive it is helpful to group by the bacteria that are susceptible to the agent. These classes include gram positive, coverage, gram negative coverage, anaerobic coverage, atypical coverage and pseudomonas coverage.