Danielle HedmanStudies of SociologyAmerican Military University – SOCI303
1Studies of SociologyStudies of SociologyWe all live in, and are unknowingly creators of, society. Society is shaped by the individuals with in. Sociologist Emile Durkheim spent many years researching and studying social solidarity and the aspects within societies. Solidarity is defined as a unity which is based around the common interests and morals. Social solidarity is the normalcy within a society[Geo10]. There are many aspects that contribute to a society’s norms. Social facts help to form a society and its individuals, and also helps an outsider get a better understanding of that society. The social solidarity is varies between two categories for every society. The two differentcategories were a part of this theory of Division of Labor in Society which help describes the development of society[Rou16]. Emile Durkheim’s thesis on social solidarity describes how the solidarity comes up in the society and the relationship between the division of labor and social solidary. In both types of society people interact in agreement with their duties within the societyand other individuals. Mechanical SolidarityMechanical solidarity, cohesion, and social integration are all products of a group’s similarities. Mechanical solidarity is very similar to traditional societies when the division of labor was small. In traditional societies individuals were connected more through their lifestyles, education level, work, values and their practicing religion[Geo10]. Earlier societies were much smaller than today’s and were in rural areas or small villages, which resulted in a limited divisionof labor. The division of labor within the mechanical societies was often times characterized by sex and age. In a mechanical society all individuals have a similar set of tasks which they all share roles on. In a mechanical solidarity society the legal system was more of a repressive law or disciplinary law. In a society with a repressive law an offense was treated as it was an offense
2Studies of Sociologyto all members of that society. The punishment is carried out this way due to all of the individuals having the same values, so if one individuals goes against that it’s as if he or she is going against everyone. The specific situation that disrupted the common conscience threatened the solidarity of the society. All offenses resulted in a severe punishment because if there were any offenses that were unpunished it would weaken the unity within the society.